Lecture 19- Breakthrough in WW11 Part 1
November 13, 2013
- Early attitude – Canada is forged as a nation during WW11. It becomes much more
advanced as a country due to the war. However, early on people did not see that
coming. There was low enthusiasm and no one resisted the war. Canadians wanted to
avoid the war. There is a sense that Canada does not have a lot of resources to fight.
They do not want to repeat a lot of the mistakes they made in WW1. They want to avoid
the level of losses. Wanted to fight differently.
- Economy – Canada were behind in terms of economic resources.
- Government Policy – the government was very much focused on avoiding mistakes as
last time. They control parts of the economy. They wanted to avoid profiteering so they
were going to control prices and expect business to conduct themselves in a much more
open way. Also want to avoid the conflict between French and English. Propaganda like
WW1. Everyone has to contribute, etc. A sense that everyone has to sacrifice. They also
say that the war has to be about something, that they are defending democracy.
• National select service – main body created to manage this. Managed workers and
where soldiers should go and such. They try to manage all different parts of the
economy in a very careful way.
Organized Labour’s Surge
- Labour goes through another burst of activity
- Major organizing wave during the war
- A lot of the early growth is in AFL unions because it is established in a lot of existing ..
- CIO growth – the big industrial unions that start pushing into steel, rubber, auto, and into
other machinist type jobs. The CIO emerges even more in this time
- Communists play a significant role in pushing this forth
- Communism not banned during the war
- Pat Sullivan- Sec Tres of TLC
- 1943, pro-communist rally
Organized Labour’s Frustrations
- Organized labour is growing, but getting more frustrating
- Not just with employers, but with government too because they are managing so much
of the economy
- Union leaders frustrated too.
- Because the government policy
- Government does everything to stop strikes and keep wages from rising - Also about government priorities because they are some areas that do not cost anything
- A lot of union leaders and workers are understanding of them not raising their wages but
they want the employer to recognize the union so they could at least establish the union
- The government says no
- Most common example is Kirkland Land Strike
- Problem is the employer because they won’t recognize the union
- By 1942, workers are getting really pissed
- The governments excuse was that they didn’t have the money for it, because they had
Breakthrough in W