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LABRST 1A03 (339)
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Lecture 21.docx

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Labour Studies
David Goutor

Lecture 21- Post-War Compromise and Prosperity Part 1 November 26, 2013 Labour’s Gains - Labour had made a set of clear gains - They had gotten entrenched in a lot of industries they never have been entrenched in before - Unions had gained a level of legitimacy - People are not taking about unions as an element that will be pushed away or crushed by the state - In addition, unions gained legitimacy within the system - Industrial unions have a clear role and so does collective bargaining • Pluralism- industrial pluralism, the prevailing way of thinking of the elites, the basics of pluralism are about plurality, system where there are many cultures, system that applies to religion, religious pluralism as well. Industrial pluralism is the idea that the economy works best if you have different interests allowed to compete. Therefore, they don’t support employers that are trying to crush employees. Creating a realm that allowed conflict and competition. New idea in this time period. Said that you need to allow workers a sense that they can compete in this plural world. You get employers saying that it is okay that unions are there. Instability scares pluralists. - Union Financial Stability • The rand formula becomes increasingly adopted across the labour relations • The dues check comes more common • Planning long term, investing their money, running pension systems for their employees. • Becoming more entrenched and hiring staff on levels they never have before • Unions are not worried about how they are going to survive month to month now - Status of Workers • The fundamental status of workers transforms in a number of ways • Employers wanted to keep workers busy all the time to control them so they don’t make trouble. By the 1950’s there is a much different point of view. Workers are increasingly are entering into the middle-class. Some of the workers who do this the must are blue-collar workers in mass production industries. • Since 9hr day • Fordism and Keynes (workers as consumers, having higher wages for workers and having unions bargain for higher wages will benefit the economy. DEMAND. You need someone to buy the stuff getting produced. If you have money in your pocket, you can buy things. Ford didn’t believe in unions, however.) • Standards of Living (from 1945-early 70’s marks on of the greatest expansions and growths and improvements of standards of living in world history. A lot of industrial workers can live a middle class life. In addition, they live in middle-class neighbourhoods and suburbs. Able to buy cars, appliances, etc.) • Family Experience (by the 1950’s more and more working families experience better family life. There is a massive expansion of the amount of men making a breadwinner wage. The rest of the family does not have to work anymore. Children are able to play and be kids rather than work. They could also go to school. Also going to university. Part 2 November 26, 2013 Downsides - Limits on union activity • Rand agrees with employers that they shouldn’t have to face so many disruptions • The amount of stuff that unions do on the shop floo
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