LABRST 1A03 Lecture Notes - Samuel Gompers, Dual Unionism, Industrial Revolution

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Part 3
Working Women
-Continuities
-Types Of Work
-Union Attitudes
Changes
-Garment Industry
-Clerical Work
-Job Ghettos
Working Women’s Status?
-Largely male dominated
-a lot of the social norms for women stayed the same
-acceptable for working class women to be working 16-24 years old
-mid twenties means she should be getting married and going into the home
-faces a lot of pressure to do so
-not just a social thing, the law (women’s wages belong to their fathers if they were
not married and if they were married their wages went to their husbands and their
families)
-economically dependent women was not a good thing
-types of work they were doing did not involve long term (temporary only)
Garment Industry was influenced by the second Industrial revolution
-In the 19th Century Clerical Work you had to be highly skilled
Craft Unions and the AFL- Pt.1
-the AFL is the mother organization
Mixed impacts of boom
organizing surge
-trades and labor congress (gets bigger and more members)
Emergence of the AFL
-Samuel Gompers (main figure)
Gomperism
Craft base
-representation
-no dual unionism: two unions representing the same trade
-wanted his organizations to be the voice of labour
-speaks as the person who is ahead of the union
-Gompers wanted a business approach to organizing
-‘’Voice of labour”
Business Unionism
-Contract and Organizing
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Document Summary

A lot of the social norms for women stayed the same. Acceptable for working class women to be working 16-24 years old. Mid twenties means she should be getting married and going into the home. Faces a lot of pressure to do so. Not just a social thing, the law (women"s wages belong to their fathers if they were not married and if they were married their wages went to their husbands and their families) Economically dependent women was not a good thing. Types of work they were doing did not involve long term (temporary only) Garment industry was influenced by the second industrial revolution. In the 19th century clerical work you had to be highly skilled. Trades and labor congress (gets bigger and more members) No dual unionism: two unions representing the same trade. Wanted his organizations to be the voice of labour. Speaks as the person who is ahead of the union.

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