LABRST 1A03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Mastercraftsman, Wok, Transpiration

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Labour Studies
Course
LABRST 1A03
Professor
Lecture 2
First Industrial Revolution
Part 1: Economic and Workplace
Transformations
Timing for First I.R.
Britain st. 1750s
United States, Northern France,
parts of Germany = early 1800s
Canada 1850s & 1860s
Canada’s Political & Economic Background
Confederation 1867 (Revolution
hit before confederation)
o Ontario, Quebec, and
Maritimes
Main goal: Confederation will spur
development
o Re. territory = settle the West
o Re. Economics = industry &
commerce
More Political Background
Federal Politics: Era of Conservative
Dominance
Sir John A. MacDonald
o 2 terms (a 10 year term)
Ontario Politics: Liberals Dominate
o Oliver Mowat, Ontario
Premier 1872 96
More Political & Eco Background
Results of Plans for Growth?
Disappointment
o Settlement = Slow
Climate & cultivation
problems
Riel rebellion
o Economy
World Economy
o Depressions, esp. 1837-
1879, 1891-1895
o “Long Depression” = 1872 –
1896
Drivers of Revolution
Generally FOUR factors drive
innovation:
o Communication
Transportation
o Technology
o Technique
1st D.R.: Transpiration and
Technique are biggest in Canada
Communication
Telegraph and Long-Distance Cable
Spreads Industrial and Economic
Growth
Breaks bond of Human Movement
and Information Movement
Key in communication basic
information
o News
o Business: prices, demand,
supply, etc.
Transportation
Canals
Railways
Impacts:
o Reduce isolation of
communities/markets
o Open producers up to
competition
Technology
Power Sources
o Steam
New Machines & Industries
o Railways again
Technique (most important)
Reorganizing wok
o New methods
o New structure to work
o SO totally new work
experience
How does this all unfold?
Economists: Different “Paths to
Industrialization”
FOUR Main ones in 1st I.R.
o Small Shop to Factory
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Document Summary

United states, northern france, parts of germany = early 1800s. Confederation 1867 (revolution hit before confederation: ontario, quebec, and. Main goal: confederation will spur development: re. territory = settle the west, re. Sir john a. macdonald: 2 terms (a 10 year term) Ontario politics: liberals dominate: oliver mowat, ontario. 1879, 1891-1895: long depression = 1872 . Generally four factors drive innovation: communication. Breaks bond of human movement and information movement. Key in communication basic information: news, business: prices, demand, supply, etc. Impacts: reduce isolation of communities/markets, open producers up to competition. New machines & industries: railways again. Reorganizing wok: new methods, new structure to work, so totally new work experience. Four main ones in 1st i. r: small shop to factory, mechanization, new industries, developments in staple. Steps: speed and supplies, role of merchants, expansion, relocation, factory. : steam powered: classic example = steam powered looms. Making things you could not make before. #1 = railway: large players, hidden demand.

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