LABRST 1A03 Lecture 18: Feb 13

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Labour Studies 02/13/2012
February 13, 2012
Drive System
Scientic Management and Taylorism
oConception vs Execution
oTime – Motion
Broad Impacts
Working Women
oContinuities
Types if work
Union attitudes
oChanges
Garment industry
Clerical Work
Job ghetto
Were talking about types of managerial strategies
Taylorism is a famous part of this time period
Frederick Taylor is associated with these changes
oTaylor is a "gure like Steve Jobs, promoted the idea of
scienti"cally managing workers and business
oRoutinize when directing your workers
Taylor claimed conception is on the side of the business
Work is the execution
Taylor said that businesses and the scientists with them are the
ones that know what to do, not craftsmen
“Time-Motion” study
owhen a worker is doing something, you would have someone
behind them with stopwatch every move the person made
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oBene"ts: work was more e.cient, and humiliation for workers
Broad Impacts: speedup of society, mainly because of automobile
oBasic speed at which things were made and consumed
increased enormously
oPeople more committed to growing the economy
Economic growth: amount of wealth and growth created is so big
that it will outweigh the downside
Some things don’t change: second industrial revolution enforces this
divide of work and home even more
oTypes of work appropriate for women (16-24 years of age)
Domestic service: cook, laundry
Nursing
Teaching
Clothes making
Women’s primary responsibility is at home
Unions didn’t show much interest in organizing female workers
oBecause most women weren’t in labour force for that long
oBecause a lot of union leaders didn’t want to change these
stereotypes
oBecause the basic culture of unions was very male orientated
Garment industry is where women do a lot of work
oClassic industry hit by 2nd industrial revolution
oMore mass produced because now standardized/mechanized
oAlso example of attitude towards industry because of gender,
therefore not taken very seriously
Clerical Work increases and becomes must more mechanized
oClerks in 19th century were middle class professionals
oNow needed a lot less education, training, lot more female
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