LABRST 1C03 Lecture Notes - Social Movement Unionism, Rand Formula, Business Unionism

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LABR ST 1C03 January 29th, 2013
** Key terms: Unions, Rand formula, Industrial unions, Craft unions, Business
unionism, social movement unionism, revolutionary unionism
Capitalism and Workers: (conflict at work)
- Owners want to pay the least possible for workers to work at maximum
productivity
- Workers wants to be able to control as much of their work as possible and
maximize their benefits
- Workers have more power when acting together than they do when acting
alone
Guilds:
- Guilds were early forms of worker organizations
- They were found in highly specialized forms of labour such as printing,
weaving and metalsmithing. The knowledge and supply of labour were
controlled by guilds
- They had a highly rigid hierarchical structure
The Making of the Working Class:
- The accumulation by dispossession and the industrial revolution created the
conditions for the making of the working class
- The working class is forced to sell its labour (potential to work) in order to
make a living
- Workers through a process of centralization mechanization and scientific
management lost control over their work (alienation).
Early Workers Organizations:
- Workers organizations developed first in the specialized crafts
- Craft unions or organizations were limited to those who had highly
specialized skills
- They were exclusively male and white
Industrial Unions:
- Industrial unions are workers organizations that seek to organize all workers
in a given industry regardless of gender, race or skill
- They become more common in the late 1800s and the early 1900s as more
workers become deskilled
The Fight for Union Rights:
- Early unions were outside the law
- They were able to win wages and benefits for workers through direct
economic pressure
- In the 1930s and 40s unions in Canada won labour rights (state recognition)
through a series of strikes and labour battles
- The Rand Formula = union dues check off
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Document Summary

** key terms: unions, rand formula, industrial unions, craft unions, business unionism, social movement unionism, revolutionary unionism. Owners want to pay the least possible for workers to work at maximum productivity. Workers wants to be able to control as much of their work as possible and maximize their benefits. Workers have more power when acting together than they do when acting alone. Guilds were early forms of worker organizations. They were found in highly specialized forms of labour such as printing, weaving and metalsmithing. The knowledge and supply of labour were controlled by guilds. They had a highly rigid hierarchical structure. The accumulation by dispossession and the industrial revolution created the conditions for the making of the working class. The working class is forced to sell its labour (potential to work) in order to make a living. Workers through a process of centralization mechanization and scientific management lost control over their work (alienation).

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