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MUSIC 2F03 (122)

Lecture Note 2.docx

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McMaster University
David Gerry

July 10, 2012 Casa Blanca - More than one melody at one time Marseilles (French national anthem)  See Rick noting his approval of principal  Germans shutting down café  Sound gives sense of o Volume level is higher with French anthem higher than German anthem Film Music in the 1940s - High point in fill attendance - People go on weekends, more common thing - Beginning to come under threat from Communism o To infiltrate society, Hollywood become the target o Television also became a threat as well, even though it wasn’t as popular Experiments in film scores began Hollywood film scores time to make compared to normal score sheets Fantasia (1940) - Modern style of music Film noir - Explore about sex and sexuality in black and white - Often about crime - German expressionism - Kind of like the music of Arnold Schoenberg - Angular imagery and dark - Minimal musical cues - Small ensembles - Low pitched instruments - Non-traditional orchestral sounds - Angular, disjunct melodies - Harsh, disjunct melodies - Use of jazz, musical sound of cities Laura (1944) - David Raksin (1912-2004) - Example of film noir - Best known film score - Moving from generation of trained composers in US - Influenced by jazz, University of Pen - Generally dark - Minimal use of cues, no wall to wall music - Small ensembles, no pitch instruments - Low registers, bass clarinet - Non-traditional orchestral sounds - Angular disjunct - Non-classical genres: jazz - Murder mystery about girl named Laura and Mark is charged to investigate - Falls in love with Laura even though she is dead - Seventh chords o Jazzy sound o Appear in opening credits o A chord consisting of a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chord's root - Wavering pitch (piano) when detective has affectionate feelings for this women, film noir quality o Strikes us as odd o Is to represent his psychological state Citizen Kane (1941) - Bernard Herrmann (1911-1975) - Best known composers - Modern style in his film scores - Use of music unconventional - Highly dissonant - Music (underscoring) used sparingly - Publishing tycoon and utters words “rose bud” (theme) o Story told from eyes of many perspectives o Looks of different angles and lights - Music is used in many innovative ways - Many leitmotiv associated with power - Much colder type of music - Small ensemble featuring o Flutes o Bassoons o Muted brass o Vibraphone - During memoirs, not much underscoring Miklos Rozsa (1907-67) - Influenced by Hungarian folk music - A asymmetrical music - Odd groupings and unpredictable of notes - Melodies are quite angular and unfamiliar - Staff producer for MGM - Known for angular melodies o Disjunct and unpredictable turns o Polytonic textures - Some of his scores had electric Theremin o Slides from pitch to pitch o Unusual instrument, it is a box o Used for science fiction films, edgy futuristic - Spellbound (1945) o Romantic love theme and a darker, more disturbing theme o Love theme is repeated in the solo cello, repeated o Theremin used for John’s psychotic, irrational episodes American Nationalist Style - Aaron Copland (1900-90) - Best known for ballet music - Great amount of nationalism around states during this time - He was a leading figure for this - Borrowed figure tunes, syncopated tunes - Wide intervals, much easier to sing - Like to write melodies by fourth and fifths - Syncopated rhythms - Colorful orchestration - Conservative harmonic system - Very influential in American film o Settling of West o Baseball movies Hugo Friedhofer - The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) - Music about three soldiers coming back from WWII - Positive tone to serious plot - Sounds upbeat, warm orchestrations - Music is in foreground in expressing emotions and mood - Melodies build in disjunct intervals - Non-traditional, syncopated rhythms Singin’ in the Rain (1952) - Set in the late 1920s - About the early incorporation of sound in films - Reference to Jazz singer - Produced by Arthur Freed - Worked at MGM - Produced best loved musicals - A theme is in this artificiality - Don and Lina, both silent film actors star in this film - The underscoring and voiceover is used to keep us in the present - During the plane and car stunt scenes, o A bit of comedy o Accents of orchestra - When Don approaches this lovely women (Lina) a sincerity music comes up but abruptly ends when boss comes up - When Don is promoted, the women (Lina) changes her outlook on Don and the music changes - When Don abruptly leaves the theater to get away from fans, he meets Cathy - He tries to put on the movie star charm put she is not impressed o There is no underscoring o No emotional connection o Something more authentic - Eventually Cathy mentions she is a actress when they meet at a party - There is this transition in artificiality in this song that is sang o Cosmo tells Don to maintain his composure as an actor - The studio decides the talking film is the new direction to take - We see a montage of three different music films o An increase in speed and tempo o As lot of movies are being produced and quality of movies going down July 12, 2012 Singin’ in the Rain (continued) - Don and Lina are making this transition from silent films to sound - Production has to be closed down - Don and Lina come up with a plan to make it a musical film - In the scene in the nightclub o Distinct characteristic of jazz o More overt way that is a trend in the era o Jazz is the darker side of life, sex in 1950s 1950s - Television begins to expand - Film companies try to bring back in 3D movies - Red and green eye, glasses made of paper (1950s) - Gimmick Cinerama - Way of projecting films on a screen - An illusion of the film surrounding the audience - Didn’t last because it was expensive Widescreen Tech. - Projecting films with different screen ratio - Back then tended to have screen shape (1:1.33.1) - Now it is the common wide screen size of 1:1.85 Epics - A way productions brought in people - Lavish projections - Biblical theme - The Ten Commandments (1956) - Ben Hur (1959) o Known for use of unusual sounding music o Complex textures o Unusual music  African drums  Ancient Greek hobos o Gives the score an authentic flavoring The Man With Golden Arm (1955) - Elmer Bernstein - Guy released from jail, drug dealer - Trying to get back on track - Underscoring is quite aggressive jazz - During the drug deal scene - Very aggressive, lots of accents - What were watching is bad - Reinforcing morality - Use of jazz becomes more and more common - In the 50s, was edgy, associated with crime - Clips: 1 -- opening scene o Cool music’s: opening credits this was common in 50s and 60s sequences o Graphic scene, it is very overt, the main shoots of the heroin, it is something you would not seen in the 1940s or 1930s... he did ground breaking, many of the censorship of the inclination of the past are being weekend, in the future they wont be sensed themselves. - Clip 2: Heroin scene o Music is aggressive, lots of accent, many foreground and background, it is indicating to the audience that it is ground breaking and it is enforced the immortality of drugs are bad, and the music does it very well Alex North - Jazz influenced - A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) - Story involves sex - Women, Stella, leaves a town who was in a scandal with a student - Lives with her sist
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