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Lecture 10

MUSIC 2F03 Lecture 10: Lecture 10 Notes

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Simon Wood

Music for Film Television Lecture 10 Planet of the Apes (1968) Music composer: Jerry Goldsmith. Social and political critique. Not random sounding because use of melodiesthemes. Use of techniques in a conventional way but in unusual settings. Main melody is connected to the idea of 12 tone music (developed in early 20 century) Number all 12 notes of scale and create a number line; two rules included use of all 12 notes and cannot repeat a note until all 12 notes have been heard (but you can repeat the same note once you get to it but once you move on cant move back). Sometimes you can invert the music notes as well. 1) The Crossing Main Theme; which used the 12tone pattern 2) The Crossing inverted theme; turning the sheet music upside down so instead of (D1 itll be U1 for all 12 notes). End of the movie: he finds out he was on Earth the whole time. There is no music shows sense of doom, does not provide a moment of relief, only thing you hear is sound of waves. Instead of bringing the music back and letting people say oh thank God it was just a movie they let the moment stay and we left the movie back to reality. Into the 1970s Since the end of the 1940s, film music has been moving away from the conventions of Steiner and Korngold (symphony orchestra); they started with music from Vienna Now: Increasing influence of American composers Increasing importance of popular music (Laura) and modernism (atonality) (Double Indemnity) They established the sound of the music of Vienna that influenced the orchestra. Music is becoming more and more dissonant like in Double Identity and The Lost Weekend. Conglomeration continues; film industries own by a big company ex) Disney Film cost increase: from 7277, 178, 7779 200 1970s: 160 films per year; very low or 3 new films a week; safe movies genre films, sequels, romantic comedies, scientific dont need to think hard about the plot (formula films) ex) Movie 1, Movie 2 In contrast during the golden age in 1937: 538 films are produced or 10 major films every week Pop scores found mostly in films The Graduate (1967), Easy Rider (1969), The Last Picture Show (1971), American Graffiti (1973); more trendy fashionable, cheaper (because music already recorded) Old school (orchestras) seen as irrelevant Helped with promotion because parent companies included music, film, and recording companies that use resources within the circle and parent company just keeps making more money. Large companies are buying up smaller companies and music publishing companies. Lots of genre films like romantic comedies and science fiction movies because they are not that difficult to make since it pretty much is the same as ones that have been made before If you buy publishing rights or recording rights, the money goes from one company to another but essentially the money is going from one pocket to another. So essentially cheaper than getting a recording studio and composers. John Williams Born in 1932 to musical parents Trained as a concert pianist at Julliard (prodigy)
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