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MUSIC 2F03 (146)


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David Gerry

Music for Film (and TV) Pitch - Term for how high or low a musical note is letter names - Pitches are given letter names from A-G - After G it goes back to A because the notes sounds the same except the note is either higher or lower - Commonality between the pitches melody/tune - Succession of pitches with distinct rhythm - Long and short sounds - Single kind of thread - Melodies part of mass culture Interchangeable, a melody is a succession of pitches with a distinct rhythm Rhythm being a pattern of duration A melody is a single kind of thread in a piece of music An important part of western European traditional music and film music Perceptually when listening to music people pick up on the melody first Often very predominant in film music Key - Group of pitches that form pitch material for a section of music - Two types of keys used are major and minor - Pitches from keys can be arranged from lowest to highest, vice versa, creating a scale major/minor - Two seven note scales using a combination of whole and half steps - Minor keys often provide a darker, more menacing sound Scale - any sequence of musical notes in an ascending or descending order (vice versa) - By doing this one could create a scale - Its a theoretical term - You can build a scale on any of the available pitches (there are twelve pitches) Tonic - when you build a scale, that key is known as the tonic note (resolution) - the basic key in which a piece of music is written - tonic notes create rhythm and are very powerful interval - The distance between one pitch and the next - Moving from the first note to the second is called a second and to the third is called a third, and so on Contour - is the direction and shape that the notes move in - the arc, start low and build high to a climax conjunct - When a melody moves primarily in small intervals - Used to create a sense of simplicity a very smooth sound disjunct - When a melody contains a significant amount of large intervals - This generates a sense of energy Range - The distance between the highest and the lowest melody - A feature that effects the quality of a melody - If the melody has a restrictive or shorter range than it would have a restrictive sound like a childrens song or music for untrained singers - Pieces with a larger range have a more expansive, wide reaching effect on the listener phrase - Structural quality of the melody or the pitch - breathec momentary rests that allow the singer to - These rests define melodic units Cadence - The end point of a melodic phase - Open cadences are endings that seem to be incomplete - Closed cadences are those that are clear and complete antecedent/consequent - beginning phase (antecedent) in the musical period - the second phrase in a musical period (consequent) theme/motive
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