Pop Music 2II3 November 18
Soul to funk
Development connected to the Civil Rights Movement and the development of African-American
-early days of music genres breaking apart.
-Black music culture takes a break from the British Invasion
-previously had operated on the individual star, the band is not something that is common in the history
of Black music.
-peak years of British Invasion, Black artists are absent from the pop charts
-black music culture undergoes change from r&b to Soul Music (Funk).
-soul music was highly political in a subtle/important way. Was fundamentally caught up with African
American identity. Caught up in defining the audience.
Late 1950’s growing anticipation of civil rights
Rejection of Blues as the sound of the past, rural south, slavery.
New sound of the urban-Soul Music
-felt by many in the Black community that R&B no longer held resonance that it once held. Was a
reminder of a time that a lot of African Americans wanted to put behind them. Wanted to look forward.
Meant looking at a culture that was becoming more sophisticated and more “urbane”, more forward
-many people wanted to leave R&B behind
-new sound was R&B embracing elements of TPA.
1)Vocal Style from Gospelvery demonstrative, intense, vocal ornamentation, distortion
2)Rhythm and back beat of R&Bheavy bass, what changes is the tempo. Blues sat within a narrow
range of tempos (medium tempo)…not music for dancing to. Soul embraces same idea. Tempo tends to
speed up or slowdown from mid-range, so the songs could be danced to. Music was meant to be danced
to, as it was a time to celebrate
3)Arrangements and lyric styles from TPA more technically complicated styles from TPA. Was seen as
something good, would be taken more seriously. Adopts lyric style of TPA. Adult relationships in R&B
were pulled back, idealized romance replaces it. Most soul music does not have anything lyrically that
could be seen as questionable, in the vein of pop music content.
-when soul music emerges, it comes from all over the place. But main plac