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Music 2II3 Popular Music 8.docx

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Simon Wood

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Music 2II3 Popular Music: Post World War 2 Lecture 8 7/22/2013 4:23:00 PM Why the Beatles had such a huge impact?  Part of it was they were really good  Also the United States just passed through a very dark stage (from death of JFK)  No one was really ready for the Beatles Kennedy assassinated November 22, 1963 – Dallas, Texas February 1964 –The Beatles arrive in New York Post War Britain  need to understand post war Britain in order to understand Beatles  Britain sees a lot of combat on their soil  for years there were nightly bomb raids coming to northern Europe o hundreds of Nazi bombers  England really was smashed, particularly the big factory towns o all industrial infrastructure was very little, no use o railways were bombed therefore transportation was fairly difficult o so meant not a lot of jobs – those that did were far below under employed o transportation and industrial are ruined  records being shipped around not a big priority or tours going on not a big priority  basic elements to support entertainment industry are not there – you would barely have any, not a big priority  entertainment is the first thing that disappears after a war – in urban cultures, but they still want to be entertained  get a do it yourself culture (a folk culture) DIY culture  difference is the basis of professionalism o and the music is at one time TPA  skiffle  style of folk music that was based on American rock n roll and RnB o common among English youth o 4 or 5 guys with acoustic guitars o because its not professional, its folk style but its songs from actual records in America that came over The Quarrymen:  why called quarrymen? o Because streets on most band members from had quarry in it, pit where people carved vary stone works  found in a city called Liverpool – northwest coast of england  important because Liverpool is a major port city o more music coming in from the states, most popular o ship loads of materials to rebuild Britain and with that comes thousands of sailors and workers helping to fix it up and bringing in the music and American blues – know it’s a good trade -- blackmarket  popular skiffle band  leader john lennon  1957 – played at a church  july 1957 john lennon and paul mccartney (vocals) –joined forces for the first time  two things in common: good singers and good guitar players  the third in common – they both write songs, take it very seriously  began to write songs together – they worked hard on writing songs, everyday wrote at least a couple of songs  needed another guitar player  met him on a double decker bus  February 1958: George Harrison (“lead” guitarist Harrison)  gain reputation of very good musicians  January 1960: stu Sutcliffe (bass) –switch to electric guitars –one of Johns best friend  august 1960: finalize their name, went through a whole bunch of names – the Beatles –liked buddy holly and the crickets, dropped sliver and changed to beat  and hire Pete best for drums  august 1960: playing a lot in hamburg, germany  "rocker” image – it was the original image o leather jackets, blue jeans, boots and a lot of grease o based on perception of motorcycle gangs in the states look like  in the states they hired a lot of British for entertainment  reason why they were playing in Germany was for the American troops entertainment o they played many hours – 100s of hours, 8 hours a day … o great training ground  Liverpool – the cavern club  july 1961: never liked being a musician --Sutcliffe leaves to become an artist (painter) o john and stu went to art college together  didn’t replace Stu  McCartney switches to bass  The Beatles were known for being a tough bunch, for being in fights  particularly in Hamburg  April 1961  stu was quite badly hurt – head injury led to brain hemorrhage  December 1961 – manager – Brian Epstein o Worked in a family small chained music stores o Knew the Beatles o DECCA records -- gets an audition with them – in early 1962 o said no future with this band, not the first person to turn them down – almost everyone o guitar bass music is done o around this time Gibson let Les Paul know that they were manufacturing more guitars  j
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