MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Interval Ratio, Lied, List Of Muppets

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
science
its energy of sound waves not movement of air molecules that creates sound
Mach 1 --- 1236 km/hour at 20 degrees - 343 m/s
low note on piano is 27.3 HZ, goes up to 4286, middle C is 264
disjunct interval between notes has lots of notes in-between (C-E is disjunct, it is a 3rd)
an octave has a frequency ratio of 1:2
octave is divided into 12 different and equal steps (half steps) c,c#,d,d#,e,f,f# etc.
scale is a collection of 7 notes from the 12
each scale has start and end note, the tonic
scale used in music is in a particular key based on tonic of scale, e.g. scale starting on tonic note C is
music in key C
12 unique tonics, therefore 24 unique keys (major and minor for each note)
melody: single line of notes heard in succession as unit
cadence is when pitch goes down at end of section
rhythm: ordering of musical events in time, usually beats are organized into groups of 2,3 or 4 beats
grouping of beats is called metre, duple/triple
each group of beats is called measure (or bars)
three or more sounds sounding at same time = chord
chords played one after another = harmony
notes of each chord usually takes single scale
Texture
monophonic - one melody, no accompany
homophonic - 1 melody, 1 accompany (something supporting melody, very similar, not same)
polyphonic - lots o' melodies together, difficult to get them to all get along
Timbre
unique sound of an instrument, called "sound colour"
diff frequencies of sound
diff frequencies within a single note are harmonics!or partials
each instrumental sound can be made of many harmonics
pure sinusoidal tone is base wave, graph of y = sin(x)
Dynamics
pianissimo, piano, mezzo forte, forte, fortissimo!
crescendos and diminuendos
Form
structure of musical work(individual units)
• repetition
minimalism: using same pieces again and again
• variation
god save the queen with variations (little piano girl)
• contrast
different musical ideas
individual units represented by letters A,B,C…
AB - two part form
ABA - three part form
ABACA - Rondo form
Genre
• symphony
4 movements
lots of instruments and whatnot
• sonata
generally solo piano, violin, or cello!
Song (lieder, rock, folk)
• opera
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