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MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Symphonie Fantastique, Harriet Smithson, Program Music

Course Code
Matthew Woolhouse

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Beethoven (1770 [Bonn, N. Germany] - 1827 [Vienna])
studied under Haydn 1790-1794
started going deaf at 26, but carried on composing (tinnitus)
died at 57, national hero
Symphony no. 5 in C Minor (1808) - possibly world's best known piece
germinal cell produced by simple, recognizable theme
theme used throughout 1st mov. in Sonata form (expos, development, recapitulation)
music moves dramatically through extremes
Schubert (1797-1828 @31)
Austrian, 1 of 15 children, relatively low birth
prolific composer (1815 made 20000 bars of music, 9 church works, symphony, 140 lieder)
• Erlkonig
rhythm: repetitive = horsey
each character diff. register
narrator = middle range, minor
father - low range, minor/major
child - high range, minor
Erlking - all ranges, major key, pp
Mendelssohn (1809 [Hamburg] - 1847 [Berlin])
prominent, intellectual, cosmopolitan family
Overture to a Midsummer Night's Dream
programme music - instrumental work associated with story or idea
invokes atmosphere and characters of play
melodies associated with characters in the story
mythological comedy
theme 1: enchanted forest (winds)
theme 2: kingdom of fairies (high strings)
Berlioz (1803-1869 [French])
studied at National Conservatory of Music in Paris - guitarist not pianist
wrote personal life into music
Symphonie Fantastique (1830)
obsessive love for Harriet Smithson
programme music - prose written by Berlioz himself
4th mov. - march to the scaffold - dreams he killed lover and is being beheaded
5 movements
idée fixe - melody representing a idea, returns a bunch
Clara Wieck Scumann (1819 - 1896 [German])
composer and pianist
married Robert Schumann, he went crazy and was institutionalized
Forward (1848)
written for hubbies' 38th bday
political overtones, poem by progressive Emanuel Geibel
unifying germany
A Capella
Painting revolutionary words
"Vorwarts" emphasized
Chopin (1810 [poland] - 1849 [Paris])
french daddy, polish mama
polish nationalist
69 Mazurkas in total, 59 published
Mazurka in B Flat: lyrical melodies, use of rubato
homophonic texture
right hand has melody, left supports it, emphasis on 2nd beat
3 principal melodies, 3rd has drone
Verdi (1813 -1901 [Italian])
married in 1836, 2 kids, widower at 26
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