MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Sergei Diaghilev, Stylistics, Serialism

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
Page:
of 1
Igor Stravinsky (1882 [Russia] - 1971 [USA, age 88])
Born St. Petersburg, Russia
Daddy was famous operatic bass
Early composition lessons from Rimsky-Korsakov (famous composer that liked structure)
Reinvented himself throughout life - 3 stylistics periods
Russian (1908-1919) : Ballets incl. Rite of Spring worked with some famous guy
Neoclassical (1920-1954) : Influence of Mozart
Serialism (1954-1968) : Influence of atonality, and Shreddies (punnss). Waited till Schoenberg
(main rival) died
Came to LA at beginning of WWII
One of the 20C's most highly regarded composers
Eventually popular, despite riot at 1st performance of Rite of the Spring (1913); dance was part of the
reason
him and Debussy were bros, they got a pic together!
Sergei Diaghilev was Stravinsky's hustler, gave him dough
The Rite Of Spring (1913)
Premiered in Paris
Soon accepted by audiences and critics
Commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev for his Ballets Russes
Story: a solemn Pagan rite; young girl dances herself to death while sage elders look on
Divided into 2 parts
The Adoration!of!the Earth: various scenes celebrating spring and holy procession
The Great Sacrifice: more scenes including mysterious games involving fire and sacrifice
Polytonal Harmonies
more than one tonal centre (multiple tonics)
creates "structured" dissidence
e.g. The Harbingers of Spring!(@ 3:36)
Pentatonic melodies
Limited 5-note scale (black notes on piano)
sounds like Russion folk songs
simple, unsophisticated; peasant-like (bucolic)
e.g. Spring Round Dance!(@ 8:22)
Complex Rhythms
Irregular & unpredictable
e.g. Games of Abduction!(@ 6:56)
Frequent use of!ostinato figures
ostinato (derived from Italian for stubborn or obstinate) is a motif or short phrase
persistently repeatedly in the same musical voice
e.g. Spring Celebration (@ 3:14)
Other Compositions
The Firebird (1910) and Petrouchka (1911); ballets for Ballets Russes
!

Document Summary

Igor stravinsky (1882 [russia] - 1971 [usa, age 88]) Early composition lessons from rimsky-korsakov (famous composer that liked structure) Reinvented himself throughout life - 3 stylistics periods. Rite of spring worked with some famous guy. Serialism (1954-1968) : in uence of atonality, and shreddies (punnss). One of the 20c"s most highly regarded composers. Eventually popular, despite riot at 1st performance of rite of the spring (1913); dance was part of the reason him and debussy were bros, they got a pic together. Sergei diaghilev was stravinsky"s hustler, gave him dough. Commissioned by sergei diaghilev for his ballets russes. Story: a solemn pagan rite; young girl dances herself to death while sage elders look on. The adoration of the earth: various scenes celebrating spring and holy procession. The great sacri ce: more scenes including mysterious games involving re and sacri ce. Polytonal harmonies: more than one tonal centre (multiple tonics)