MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Spinning Jenny, Diving Bell, Antonio Salieri

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
Page:
of 1
1685 -- Bach, Scarlate, Handell all born
Cultural: 1720-1790
age of enlightenment
Music: 1750 (bach died in 1750) - 1800
dominated by Mozart(1756-1791) and Haydn (1732-1809)
other famous in 18th century: C.P.E. Bach, Salieri, Gluck, Dittersdorf (double-bass concerto)
Culture:!
Excessive ornamentation gave way to classical ideals of balance and clarity (gothic churches very
intricate gave way to clean lines and pillars and whatnot)
Term "classical" comes from Greek/Roman antiquity (800BC - 600AD). Plato, socrates etc
Voltaire, Rousseau promoted rationalism, reason, democracy (architecture: symmetry, order)
enlightenment: reason could bring man to age of advancement & progress, free from superstition
science - lightning is electricity, venus has atmosphere, oxygen, hydrogen, vaccines
tech - steam engine, diving bell, spinning jenny (cotton processor), flush toilet, submarine,
parachute
politics - American (1775-81) revolution and French (1789) revolution, canada bans slavery
(1793)
painting by Joseph Wright - Experiment!on a bird in the air-pump (1768)
steam engine invented by James Watt in 1775, propelled industrial revolution first used to pump
water out of coal mines
politics - John Trumbull, surrender of British at Yorktown in 1781
Music of time
reflected classical principles of clarity, proportion, "naturalness" (music of the heart)
melodies were more tuneful, less complicated
phrase structure in all genres more balanced, symmetrical
musical texture homophonic instead of polyphonic
more contrast (emotional changes in sonata form)
instrumental combinations changed: String Quartet ("rational conversation among 4 intelligent
individuals") E.G. Haydn's String Quartet in C Major (chapter 20)
musical careers changed: more independence E.G. Mozart's piano concerto in A
Haydn was employed by a prince of europe (rich) and at the end of his life he broke off and
became an independent musician.
Mozart was a poor guy, buried somewhere unmarked, flat broke
Opera plots became more realistic and rebellious E.G. Mozart's opera marriage of figaro
-7 year war was similar to World Wars

Document Summary

Music: 1750 (bach died in 1750) - 1800 age of enlightenment dominated by mozart(1756-1791) and haydn (1732-1809) other famous in 18th century: c. p. e. Excessive ornamentation gave way to classical ideals of balance and clarity (gothic churches very intricate gave way to clean lines and pillars and whatnot) Term classical comes from greek/roman antiquity (800bc - 600ad). Haydn"s string quartet in c major (chapter 20) musical careers changed: more independence e. g. Mozart"s piano concerto in a: mozart was a poor guy, buried somewhere unmarked, at broke. Opera plots became more realistic and rebellious e. g. Haydn was employed by a prince of europe (rich) and at the end of his life he broke off and became an independent musician.