MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Strophic Form, Antonio Salieri, Lied

13 views1 pages
Published on 13 Apr 2013
Department
Page:
of 1
Franz Schubert (1797-1828, died at 31)
Born vienna, 1 of 15 kids, relatively lowly birth
Daddy was a teacher, not famous musician, taught Franz the basics
Instructed by Salieri at 11
Blossomed as young composer, mother died 1812
Like Mozart, never employed at Viennese court; had to teach in father's school (1814); failure
Prolific composer, in 1815 alone: 20,000 bars of music, 9 church works, symphony, 140 lieder (songs),
including Erlkönig
Erlkönig (1815)
Lied: German "Song" (19th century)
solo singer and piano accompaniment
premiered 1820, 5 years later
Modified strophic form, with 8 strophes, i.e. verses. (Alternative song form is through-composed)
there's already a poem, with 8 verses. Regular strophic form is making 1 melody for a verse and
repeat it 7 times. Modified is where he modifies the melody each time
One singer enacts 4 characters:
Narrator - middle range, minor key
Father - low range, minor/major
Child (son) - high range, minor key
Erlking (death) - all ranges, major key, pianissimo
There's also a horse (heard in piano accompaniment). Father's taking son on horse to doctor
cause son has fever.!
Word-Music Relationship
Rhythm: repetitive rythmic figure in the accompaniment = horsey
Register: each character has a particular range of music
Dynamics: father always loud, child soft then loud; Erlking getting softer then very loud at end
Harmony: g minor, moves through various keys, shifts to major for seductive music of Erlking
Viennese Salon
Vital music forum in 19th C
Chamber music, piano, songs
Setting usually a wealthy residence
Small and intimate, but influential
Schubert gracing these Salons became known as Schubertiades, popular-ish
Other Songs
Gretchen and spinning wheel (1814)
Death and the maiden (1817)
An die music (1817)
Die Forelle (1817)

Document Summary

Franz schubert (1797-1828, died at 31) solo singer and piano accompaniment. Born vienna, 1 of 15 kids, relatively lowly birth. Daddy was a teacher, not famous musician, taught franz the basics. Like mozart, never employed at viennese court; had to teach in father"s school (1814); failure. Proli c composer, in 1815 alone: 20,000 bars of music, 9 church works, symphony, 140 lieder (songs), including erlk nig. Lied: german song (19th century) premiered 1820, 5 years later. Modi ed strophic form, with 8 strophes, i. e. verses. (alternative song form is through-composed) One singer enacts 4 characters: there"s already a poem, with 8 verses. Regular strophic form is making 1 melody for a verse and repeat it 7 times. Modi ed is where he modi es the melody each time. Erlking (death) - all ranges, major key, pianissimo. There"s also a horse (heard in piano accompaniment). Father"s taking son on horse to doctor cause son has fever.