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Lecture

MUSIC 2F03 Lecture Notes - Italian Folk Music, Ennio Morricone, Federico Fellini


Department
Music
Course Code
MUSIC 2F03
Professor
David Gerry

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6, 8, 9, 11, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34
July 19, 2012
Godfather
- 1972
- Orchestral score
- Reflects trends of late 1950s and 1960s
- Underscoring composed by Nino Rota (1911-1979)
- Concert composer
- Born into a musical family
- Spent a lot of time in the U.S
- Studied at Curtis Institute in Philly
- Conservative concert style
- However began composing for Italian films
o For Federico Fellini
o 16 film together
o 18 and a Half
o Nadoche
- Source music composed by Carmine Coppola (1910-1991)
- Father of director
- Musician and conductor of broadways
- Suggested that he write the style in a late 19th century Cavalleria Rusticana
o By Pietro Mascagni (1863-1945)
o Type of late 19th century opera
o Realism opera
o Focused on lowest classes of society (criminals, peasants)
- Verismo
- About the mafia in NY
- Based on a book by Mario Puzo
- In the book, it is made explicit that the don is from a pleasant family
- However the don in the movie is not
- He comes from Sicily, Italy
- Using music to represent that heritage is important in this movie
- There are a lot of murders
- Fair amount of source music but some underscoring
- When someone gets murdered, there is no music
o Meant to not glorify violence
o And murder in this world is an everyday occurrence and no need to
make it so dramatic
o Without music, your focused on what’s just happening on screen
- Clip 1: Closing Credit of Godfather
o A harp strumming the chords
o A lot of source music here
o Chosen carefully here to what we see
o Before the strumming of chords

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Triple meter
Arranged, waltz
Folk like character
Nostalgic heritage
- Movie open with the dons daughter, a music plays and the music changes at
certain points
- There are points where it is Italian folk music and 1940s popular music
- During a scene, Mike and his American girlfriend come in
o The music playing is of mainstream American style
- There is a singer who sings Mozart “Marriage of Figaro”
o The character is a young boy, usually a woman sings this point
o He is singing about how his hormones are raging with love
o While, Sonny is upstairs with a women banging
- Michael theme
o Long held note
o Thematic note
o Quadruple meter
o Even though he is the hero of the film, he is the anti-hero
o He isn’t really a hero, he alienates people
- Sicily theme
o Bit more lavish
o More mournful
o Rising sixth
o Love theme
o Michael has this pure attraction to this girl
o The Sicily sequence has a lot of underscoring
o Some wall to wall underscoring
o Makes you fall in love with the place
o Empathize their heritage and where they came from
o Scenes where Michael is interacting with Kay is source music
- Clip 2: Don gets shot and gets taken in hospital
o Extensive underscoring
o Crucial scene
o Tense scene and music is appropriate
o Michael wanted to reject his family and live life in a different way
o Now he has to protect his father and says I’m with you now
o The bodyguard leave for the night
o Michael tries to convince the nurse to move his father because guys
are coming to kill his father
o Cue stops there
o There is a lot of tension and they are moving his father
Here steady footsteps in the dark
Dripping and echo in hospital
Tension puts us on edge
o Mentions to his father again he is with him to protect him
o Godfather theme comes up again

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o Michael theme is played by an ovo
o Is a cold theme, a sinister
- Michael sees the crime family get murdered during the baptizism of his
godson
- He gets asked by the priest questions his faith
o There is organ music
o Music takes a dark quality
o Underscoring
o Breaks in music of key lines (stinger)
o Rising volume and intensity
- Reference to circus music
- Polytonality
o Difference strands of keys in different areas
July 24, 2012
1960s
- Social change coming ahead
o Vietnam war
o Changing roles of men and women
o Issue of race and racism
- Films investigate those issues
- End of lavish orchestral score
- Epic score is no longer major category
- Tend to use music more sparingly
- The fragmenting of audiences into groups
o Ages
- In 1966, the film studios abanded Hays Code
o Series of features banned not by the government but by the studios
o Covered all films
o Limited use of nudity, law breaking
o Studios who broke code were sentenced to fines
o Nothing much about music
o Generally much need not to be regulated a lot
o Abandoned code in 1966 but had one rating for all movies
o The rating system is still in place
o In 1930, Canada can with two part system, film was either for adult
audience or not
- New Wave
o Began in France
o Alfred Hitchcock was part of this movement
o In Wave represents the ascendency and voice for the director
o Source and the author of the film
o The departure of the past
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