Music 2113.pdf

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 2II3
Professor
Michael Jackson:
Genre= important to way to frame discussion in pop. Music
-
He's classified under pop. Category but blended many diff. Kinds of popular music
together
-
ROCK AND MEDAL MUSIC GENERALLY CATEGORY OF WHITE MUSIC, and rhythma nd
blues and funk music are categories of music that belong to diff. Groups of people.
-
One of the things Michael Jackson had done, was he blended many of the categories
together
-
Trend starter, role model of virtuosic dancing
-
1st lect. : Pop. Music- Jan. 4th= mt 1 stuff
January-04-10
12:35 PM
Music 2113 Page 1
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Chronological survey
Canons include a lot of rock music or singer song writer kind of music, or folk derived kind of music
which has a particular kind of credibility and authenticity
-
Blues derived music = heavy and important music
-
Lighter kind of music are left out of the equation and in the survey its balanced out
-
How these various styles of music and artists studied are socially situated
Starts b/f rock and roll:
What does it come from and out of and how did it emerge with the social status
-
4 kinds of music that were important and influential that shaped rock and roll:
-
Timpanally
1)
Country music
2)
Gospel music
3)
Few diff. Kinds of blues music
4)
Rock and roll borrowed elements from all of these music
Somewhere over the rainbow:
By= Judy garland
instrumentation: flute, violin, base, thus a big
ensemble that we are hearing= orchestra that
includes a string section and woodwinds ect. ,
an a lot of time tympanally music uses
orchestra
Rhythm: free, can feel that there are beats
going by, and these beats in the majority of
pop. Music they are grouped into 4's and
rhythmic patterns happen in these beats
They have a free and more expressive type of
music because not strictly on the beat, they
slow down and speed up
Melody(pitch): OEN OF THE MOST
IMPORTANT ELEMENTS IN TYMPANALLY
MUSIC= thus in this melody that Judy is
singing, its long MELODY, LONG LINE THAT
TAKES UP A LOT OF TIME BEFORE SHE STARTS
TO REPEATE HERSELF, IT RISES UP IN A NICE
ARCH AND COMES BACK DOWN AND SETTLES,
WHICH IS A VERY CLASSICAL KIND OF SHAPE IN
A LOT OF WESTERN MUSIC
In lots of other types of music, the melody isn't
that important
Timbre: the quality of the sound and the
colour of the sound.
Chest voice,= deep
Her voice is soft, mellow and warm and the
range that she is singing in is a comfortable
range for her which gives the music the
warmth
Her voice is constant
Timber is an important quality in which the
singer performance and has to also do with
where the music is coming from as parts of her
body
Form: refers to the large scale organization of
the song
Form in music happens by stating an idea,
which can be repeated or have a different idea
Characteristic theme/ idea in the music that is
repeated and has contrasting ideas in it as
well.
Tympally:
Made in late 19th century in the united states in New York city
-
Gets its name from a street in New York city where lots of composers of these
kinds of music's worked with their piano's
-
Music that has a particular kind of origin, and is urban
-
Music that was composed out and written down on paper by composers that
were trained largely in classical music traditions
-
These composers were usually white, and were men and there was one
African American composer and many of the composers were Jewish
-
This music tied into another kind of tradition, demographically, and the
p[eople that listened to this music was white, and middle class and socially it
was a kind of music that was born and which became popular before mass
produced recordings , thus was music that was part of the tradition of the
middle class people having pianos in their home, and could read music and
would go down to the music store and would bye the songs that the
tympanally composers created
-
Thus part of being in the middle class had to do with being musically educated
and many of the middle class families long after this tradition took piano
lessons as part of being a middle class family
-
There's no recording industry yet ut there was a publishing industry and music
publishers were the middle man of the tympanally music, thus published and
distributed it in notated form
-
In addition to middle class bought music and played in their houses but also
professional musicians also played it and later they were recorded
-
Distinction between composers and performers:
Where music is written down = composer and there's an interpreter=
performer
-
In other traditions that are more tied to oral traditions, there's no distinction
between composer and performer
-
2nd lect.- Jan 5th.
January-04-10
7:34 PM
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I've got you under my skin: by Frank Sinatra and Bono
Duet in the 90's
-
Timber: his voice is consistent
Singer of style of music= tympanally
-
Two ways of producing sound:
-
Deeper in the body= chest voice< frank sings from there and bono starts but breaks into a higher kind of
sound, or range and now no longer is using a chest voice but is using a Falsetto
Frank likes to keep a consistant quality of his voice, thus he is able to keep control of his voice
Phrasing=has to do with a how a singer approaches a melody, is the singer going to sing it with one
breath? Is there going to be a pause for breath half way thru? Is there other stylistic kind of features in
the way the melody is sung?
Franks phrasing is square, and very much oriented towards the beat, and not laying back, and is a little
bit clipped= crisp kind of phrasing which adds a little bit of a swagger, a cocky performance
Bono is all over the map, sometimes producing sounds in one part of his body and in other parts of his
body, thus we hear the body more in Bono's voice, we hear body, cracking in his voice, and breath is
shown more in the song,<<< we don't get any of that with frank
How the singer sounds tells us something
We have different ideas of control, frank is precise with his voice and his phrasings and Bono is much
more transgresent which is obvious because he's a rock singer, and rock music in the biggining has been
about rebellion and transgression
Country Music/ Hillbilly Music
Has a very different kind of demographic than timpanally which was urban, middle class and
white but in country music, it comes out of oral tradition meaning its not written down on
paper, its just passed on from one musicion to another by having musition listen
-
Demographic= sounth east and south wast of u.s and is listened more likely by white folks
-
It was a regional kind of music, belong to a particular place and a particular demographic kind of
people, and with the radio the music went outside of this regional area, and yous tart getting
artist in country music who were stars in natural scale
-
One of the first stars on a national scale= Jimmy Rodgers , important beucase he put forth the
image of the country singer= a singing cowboy image
-
What they sound about was a vagabond lifestlye, not being tied down, and living free and easy
-
Country music started in a particular kidn of reigraphical place and early on in the early 1920's a
very important radio show= Grand Ole Opry was broadcasted from nashville which came the
kind of centre for country music industry and still is today
-
Grand Ole Opry is two things
-
A live musical show lengthy show where theres many different country music artists who
perform= and is three hours long
1)
Its live and is broadcasted live on a radio as well
-
Began in 1925 and was relitevely local and than other radio stations began to pick it up and
became a national show<<< media helps spread music around from being a region to a national
audience and the Grand Ole Opry started to be heard nationally, and consumed nationally
-
Mnay important figures of country music became members of Grand Ole Opry and is an honour
bestowed by your fellow musitions on you tobecome a member of the Grand Ole Opry
-
Country music is very geared towards a commercial enterprise is and whats interesting is the
conserts are very casual, if your a member of the Grnad Ole Opry you just come in and play
-
Interesting= for a long time there was a rule of what instruments to use on stage which was an
attempt to keep country music traditional<<< as instruments defined the msuic style and with
country music for a long time it was just accustic instruments and not drums for a long time, a
fiddle, a bettle stear guitar, sting base
-
Train Whistle Blues by Jimmy
Rodgers:
Talks about catching a train and
going on a journey
-
What's interesting is how
persistent the image of a
cowboy , a man of mystery and
a strong masculine
man<< persistent image
-
Hey Good Lookin, by Hank Williams
Timbre- nasal, strained, regional accent
-
In a lot of country singing the preferred country style is
to do a nasal kind of singing which is a distinctive
characteristic associated with country music, and he
even has a strained kind of quality
You also get a regional accent, and are able to know
where the singer is coming from thus you get a twangy
kind of music, and sometimes singers want you to
know where they are from and in country music this
gives the artist authenticity and credibility if you hear
that they are coming from part of the united states
where the music originated
Other times musicians don't want to show their accent
and try to lose the distinctive characteristic of their
voices to get a more broader audience, which happens
in pop music<<< person who struggled with this was
Celine Dion who tried very hard not to sing with her
French Canadian accent, SHE HAD TO GET RID OF IT TO
APPEAL TO A MASS AUDIENCE
Accent became a really important political issue in
ritish punk music and it was becasue the singers
wanted to make sure their British working class
showed when they were singing, aspart of
rebelliousness as they were a working class
accents is very important to pay attention to
Instrumentation:fiddle, pedal steel Guitar, banjo,
acoustic guitar, acoustic bass, drums
-
Regularity in melOdy,rhythm, little dissonance, a beat
oriented kind of melody, when he came in, it was right
on the beat
-
Groove, = 4 beats are articulated differently in
different music and in a lot of traditional country music
there is quiet a heavy emphasis on beats 1 and 3 and is
shown down low with the base guitar and a lighter
kind of emphasis by the acoustic guitar on beats 2 and
4
-
form: large scale structure of piece, and overall
organization of a piece
-
AABA<< follows same form as somewhere over the
rainbow and is a 32 bar kind of form
Each letter has 8 bars of music thus you have 32 bars
of each verse as AABA= 1 Verse
a= "hey good looking watcha got cooking...cokking
something up with me"
b= contrasting material= "I got a hot rod ford and a 2
dollar bill"
Groove, = 4 beats are articulated differently in different music
3rd lect. Jan 7th
January-07-10
12:42 AM
Music 2113 Page 3
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Document Summary

Genre= important to way to frame discussion in pop. Rock and medal music generally category of white music, and rhythma nd blues and funk music are categories of music that belong to diff. One of the things michael jackson had done, was he blended many of the categories together. Canons include a lot of rock music or singer song writer kind of music, or folk derived kind of music which has a particular kind of credibility and authenticity. Blues derived music = heavy and important music. Lighter kind of music are left out of the equation and in the survey its balanced out. How these various styles of music and artists studied are socially situated. What does it come from and out of and how did it emerge with the social status. 4 kinds of music that were important and influential that shaped rock and roll: Rock and roll borrowed elements from all of these music.

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