Class Notes (809,264)
Canada (493,601)
Philosophy (1,135)
PHILOS 1B03 (369)

Just War Theory Continued April 8.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Stefan Rodde

Just War Theory Continued – April 8, 2013 JWT - A war is just if it satisfies conditions - These conditions are divided into three parts - Jus ad bellum - Jus in bello - Jus post bellum - Some actions are considered intrinsically wrong - E.g. targeting non-combatants - Other actions must be assessed on consequentialist grounds - E.g. Good consequences can justify some collateral grounds Political Realism (Moral Nihilism) - Ethics and Justice only apply to individuals in law- governed states - States exist in a situation similar to a Hobbesian state of nature - Relations between states are (or ought to be governed by self interest) Political Realism – War - War is neither ethical nor unethical - Decisions are (or ought to be) governed only by self interest - Is this position plausible? - It seems that discussions of ethics and justice are relevant to decision- making in and assessment of war Pacifism Pacifism Killing is always wrong Violence is always wrong Personal (Private) Political (Anti-War) Both (Universal) Anti- War Pacifism (AWP) - Political violence (war) is always wrong - Personal violence can be justified unethical? - Is killing soldiers on the battlefield unethical? - No: Self-defense - No: Assumption of risk Killing Soldiers – Self-Defense - On the battlefield it is kill or be killed and since killing in SD is justified, killing soldiers on battlefield is justified - Is this a good argument? - SD only justified killing if there are no other options and you did not provoke attack - Much (most?) killing on battlefield is done relative (or extreme) safety Killing Soldiers – Assumption of Risk - People who freely assume a risk only have themselves to blame if that risk is realized - Thus, soldiers who kill enemy are not to blame - Is this a good argument? - Many soldiers are conscripted - Responsibility for ri
More Less

Related notes for PHILOS 1B03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.