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PHILOS 1B03 (370)

Prosch & Civil Disobedience

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David Goutor

Civil Disobedience II March 6th, 2014 General Categories of Protest 1. Civil disobedience - Form of communication with their fellow citizens and government officials - Be open and nonviolent about the action - Tactic: To successfully communicate a moral message and convince them of it rightness 2. Conscientious Refusal - A refusal to participate in some action that mandates as obligatory (rather than committing an action that is in violation of some state-issued rule) - Example: Refusing to go to war upon being conscripted; a refusal to pay one’s taxes on moral grounds - Tactic: By refusing to participate in some state activity that one considers to be morally wrong, the agent can be assured that this hands are clean of that moral wrong 3. Militant Action - Violence or damage to property - Example: The destruction of store fronts and golf courses during the Women’s Suffrage movement; Black Bloc’s lighting cars on fire at the G20 summit in Toronto - Tactic: To instil fear and instability in a society to ensure: an explicit demand is met or ensure society is made aware of the status quo is unacceptable 4. Revolutionary Action - A form of protest aimed at supplanting: a) The existing head of state b) The existing form of government or, c) Both - Tactic: Not to improve upon an already reasonably just situation, but to tear down and start again - Something about the existing regime or about the existing government is intolerable and therefore must be completely abandoned and replace “Limits to the Moral Clam in Civil Disobedience” (1965) By: Harry Prosch - Objective of his article is to explore whether acts of civil disobedience can be justified on the basis of the genuine moral conviction of the agent - Civil disobedience isn’t a moral claim in words, but in actions - By disobeying in a civil manner, the agent compels the authorities to confront the morally questionable law by either choosing the enforce (affirmative of its legitimacy) is or choosing not to enforce it - “Do they believe in the rightness of these laws firmly enough to continue enforcing them upon people who keep coming back to be arrested or even beaten?” - Civil disobedience looks like a form of moral persuasion - Moral Persuasion, says
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