Instructors: Stefan Rodde &Adam Sopuck Date: 12/1/13
Class: Philosophy & the Sciences 1D03
Topic: Philosophy of Technology
Technology Day 1
Necessity Is The Mother Of Invention
What does this mean?
o Technology does not exist merely to satisfy our needs
It also satisfies our wants
o Other animals however use instinct
Better than technology
Technology is not merely aimed at promoting human life
o It is also directed to promoting a better life
What is technology?
Products of technical know how (artifacts)
(Aristotle: A type of knowledge associated with production)
o But neither of these conceptions gives a complete picture (different
components and systems into technology [production, economics,
Technology is the organization of knowledge, people and things in order to
accomplish practical goals
What is the relationship between Science and Technology?
Science is theory and then technology is the application
o There is a problematic conception
Science and Technology are mutually dependent
o (Technology actually can give rise to science)
What is the difference between Science & Technology?
Science is elevated activity associated with contemplation [grasp truths and
reflect on them], while technology is activity associated with solving practical
problems [craft knowledge]
Science asks WHY/WHAT questions, Technology asks HOW
Science uses scientific method, Technology uses diverse methods
Science aims at knowledge of the world, Technology aims at constructing
o PROBLEM: Experiments are art