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Lecture 5

Philosophy and the Sciences-Feb. 2 Week 5

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHILOS 1D03
Professor
Dr.Michal Arciszewski
Semester
Winter

Description
February 2The Wandering Stars Why do stars wander What is the order behind the observed patterns What is out there What is the realityWhat makes a good hypothesisAre some betterHow do you evaluate a hypothesis o Its originsfoundationsInduced from observationsDeduced from first principlesaxioms o Its confirmationMany correlationstestsobservationsMathematically correctHow do you know youre right I Stage 1 observations Induction to generalisation All humans are mortalBy intuition rationalBy enumeration empirical II Stage 2Exploring Generalisations Deduction of consequencesForming conditionals new theoremslaws IIIStage 3ConfirmationsTestingStage 1 Forming Generalisations o Empirical FoundationInduction as a basis for good hypothesesempirical foundationsRoger Bacon o Development of Inductive scienceNot a focus on deduction testing or system buildingNot guided by understanding of final causes and purposes o Slow accumulation of facts and progressive development of scientific knowledgeIncrease in knowledge through accumulation of facts dataPyramid of Judgements o From facts to generalisationsAscend via method of exclusionfalsification stage 3 o From accidental correlations to essential lawsAccidental correlationgeneralisationTodayhereEssential relations lawsAlwaysGalileo Galilei
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