- Characterized by extreme lack of choice in the physical sense – the only option
seemingly mental freedom.
o The source of enslavement is the ideal presented that education will lead to a
good life. Enslaved by the allure of wealth and success.
o We are often willingly enslaved. What to do about it?
- Rousseau: highly influential to the French Revolution, died a decade before it began.
o Revolutions have ambiguous outcomes: The French Revolution ended with the
Declaration of the Rights of Man, not only horror and bloodshed.
o Human rights , freedoms etc. We are always dealing with political
inconsistencies – rights extended only to men, condoned slavery.
- The origin of inequality
o Equality in nature – no structure or laws made by man. Then humans created
civilization because of our ‘perfectability’
o Inequality in a macro view – gender, class and race – we live in an unequal world
because it is a patriarchical world, a world divided by class and a colonial world.
o Two Kinds of Inequalities:
Natural: physical, established by nature – differences in age, beauty,
Moral or Political Inequality: result of human convention
Because they came out of independence and live in families,
creation of the social structures in existence today. Coming of
this is the sense of being wronged; which led men to be
bloodthirsty and cruel.
The need for property and proximity; the nostalgia