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Lecture

Ethics in Communication Oct. 23

2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHILOS 2TT3
Professor
V Igneski

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October23 Scanlon’s Contractualism Kant: Respect for persons – - Never treating persons as mere means but as ends in themselves o Rationality: capacity to deliberate about and act upon valid reasons for action o Autonomy: capacity to rise above desire and self-interest; to act upon the basis of reasons o Persons will have a will and so have dignity and moral worth o Respect freedom to act for reasons they judge themselves. Scanlon: Respect for persons – - Treat persons in accordance with principles that they could not reasonably reject o Persons have a capacity to assess reasons and justifications  Appreciating the value of human beings is in the recognition of the capacity of assessment of reasons and justifications o Agreement respects moral importance as rational autonomous agents  Co-deliberation over principles to treat people accordingly; we are not to impose principles on others if they might reasonably reject it. o Mutual recognition and respect. Aim of Morality: - Most social contract theories seek to maximize individual’s interests o Principles would be rational will or to choose  Often these directives go against what, instinctually, pursues our own aims. - Scanlon’s contractualism seeks to pursue personal interests in a way justifiable to others who have their own interests to pursue. o Aim to find principles that others, insofar as they to have this aim, could not reasonably reject.  We are allowed to pursue our own interests, but only insofar as they are justifiable and not reasonably rejected by others. o Moral agents concerned to justify selves to others  If you cannot justify your actions to others, then there is no good basis to justify the principle of our actions.  Proposes that we are motivated by self interest, but also by respecting others in the form of being able to justify our actions to others to be a moral person
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