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Lecture

Intro to Ethics, Nov. 27

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHILOS 2YY3
Professor
V Igneski
Semester
Fall

Description
November 27 Michael Walzer “Supreme Emergency” & Thomas Nagel “War and Massacre” - Michael Walzer: o “supreme emergency”: rare case where fighting unjustly is the least wrong thing to do (but still blameworthy)  Cautions about using this clause too quickly; the clause of necessity is often used to escape blame. o Necessity: danger must be imminent, unusual and horrifying. - Wager o Choose the lesser of two evils: do the ends justify the means  British terror bombing of German cities  Belief that tactical bombs wouldn’t stop Hitler  Purpose – destroy civilian morale  Also, reprisal for German blitzkrieg o Hiroshima and bombing Tokyo  Difference between Japanese and Nazis  Belief that Japanese fighting aggressive war unjustly  Does this mean the people of Hiroshima forfeit their rights? o Utilitarian Calculus:  Only violate the rules of war in face of defeat likely to bring about disaster not merely to bring about victory - Nagel o Means-ends reasonin
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