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Lecture

Intro to Ethics, Lecture 1

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHILOS 2YY3
Professor
V Igneski
Semester
Fall

Description
Philosophy 2YY3, September 6, 2012 *Essay: 40% - first draft due on November 4 , self-evaluation, due on 5 , peer evaluation due Nov. 12 , final due on November 23 . rd Branches of Ethics - Metaethics: nature and status of moral judgements - Normative Ethics: justifying moral principles/values/frameworks for evaluating moral judgements - Applied/practical ethics: reasoned answers to concrete questions. September 11, 2012 Moral Relativism/Objectivism - Moral relativism: morals are relative to cultural conventions (conventionalism) or individual (subjectivism) choice. - Moral objectivism: universal validity of some morals (both strong (absolutist) and moderate versions exist) Subjectivism - “Morality is in the eye of the beholder” - Problem: little or no interpersonal criticism is logically possible and morality is about interpersonal interaction. Conventionalism - Social nature of morality - Problems: o Seems to imply tolerance, but by doing so assumes to make tolerance into a universal moral, contradicting itself. o Criticisms of outside or other culture are virtually impossible o No moral reason/obligation to adhere to law that a particular group does not recognize as valid o Culture and society remain extremely difficult to define, which can be easily adapted
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