September 6, 2012
*Essay: 40% - first draft due on November 4 , self-evaluation, due on 5 , peer evaluation due Nov.
12 , final due on November 23 . rd
Branches of Ethics
- Metaethics: nature and status of moral judgements
- Normative Ethics: justifying moral principles/values/frameworks for evaluating moral
- Applied/practical ethics: reasoned answers to concrete questions.
September 11, 2012
- Moral relativism: morals are relative to cultural conventions (conventionalism) or
individual (subjectivism) choice.
- Moral objectivism: universal validity of some morals (both strong (absolutist) and moderate
- “Morality is in the eye of the beholder”
- Problem: little or no interpersonal criticism is logically possible and morality is about
- Social nature of morality
o Seems to imply tolerance, but by doing so assumes to make tolerance into a
universal moral, contradicting itself.
o Criticisms of outside or other culture are virtually impossible
o No moral reason/obligation to adhere to law that a particular group does not
recognize as valid
o Culture and society remain extremely difficult to define, which can be easily adapted