PHILOS 2TT3 Lecture Notes - Kantian Ethics, Prima Facie

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Utilitarianism: treat everyone s interests equally, actions are right if they bring about the best consequences, consider long-term consequences. Kantian ethics: persons are rational autonomous being worthy of respect, the moral law tells us to treat persons as ends in themselves and never merely as means, the reason or motive of your action is morally significant. Virtue ethics: moral behaviour expresses virtues or qualities of character, right thing to do is what is conducive to good/flourishing of human beings, choose well; the moderation of two extremes. Ethical pluralism: prima facie duties of fidelity, reparation, gratitude, justice, beneficence, self- improvement and non-maleficence (veracity?, all-things-considered duty is the duty you have most reason to fulfill in the circumstance. Feminist ethics: relationships morally significant, principle of care (in addition to justice, challenge oppressive practices.

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