Class Notes (890,021)
CA (532,536)
McMaster (42,219)
PHILOS (1,265)
PHILOS 2YY3 (145)
V Igneski (68)

Intro to Ethics, Sept. 25

2 Pages

Course Code
V Igneski

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
September 25 Value: What is the Good? – Jeremy Bentham and Robert Nozick. - Important distinctions in value: o The good vs the right o Intrinsic value vs instrumental value (being good in and of itself, vs or rather than being good because it leads to another good) o Subjective vs objective (something as mind-dependent vs being valued based on experience) o Agent relative vs agent neutral (relative to the person, valuable to the person from their perspective (also agent relative reasons) vs (Nagel’s) ‘good from a God’s eye perspective) o Monism vs pluralism (one thing that is intrinsically valuable, all other things are valuable in relation to how it achieves the one intrinsic value vs multiple valuable things) *there will be different relationships between values - Jeremy Bentham o Normative theory used as a tool for social and legal reform o Principle of utility: an act is right “according to the tendency which it appears to have augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question” (120)  Give important discussion of hedonism – claims that pleasure is the intrinsic value to be held above all others.  Applied to all manners of social structures; law, government etc. o Bentham’s Hedonism:  An action is right insofar as it promotes pleasure and wrong if it incites pain. Pleasure is the ultimately valued thing.  Linking of the good and the right.  Sensation, psychological state, satisfaction – the way we experience our pleasure and include the interests of others – not only physical pleasure, but emotional, mental pleasures, psychological achievement are included also.  Focuses on motivation and value – our theories must account for what we seek and why we seek it.  Measuring Pleasure:  Intensity: the more intense the pleasure, the more positive, the more intense the pain, the more negative.  Duration: the longer
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.