PNB 3RM3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Confirmation Bias, Acupuncture, Leading Question

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Thinking that the easy answer is the right answer; easy answer is easy to recall and understand. The answer i like is the right answer. Complicating factors - what is really happening with intuition. Cognitive misers - preferring the easy intuitive answer;don"t have to think hard. Confirmation bias, but we should be looking for things that discredit our hypothesis. Personality traits of those who do this - people who are low in cognition and do not enjoy thinking. Need for cognitive closure - upset not knowing the answer, so hold on to first answer they like. Catharsis - freud"s concept - told stories about human psyche based on train steam engine - said psyche is system that builds energy like steam engine - if you can"t vent this energy, the whole system explodes/psyche implodes. Take out aggression in a safe way, at a target. Point of catharsis is to avoid actually taking it out on the real source.

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