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POLSCI 1G06 (280)
Todd Alway (280)
Lecture

Political Science 1G06 2013 II lecture 3b overhead bureaucracy.doc

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLSCI 1G06
Professor
Todd Alway

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Political Science 1G06 2013 II Lecture 3b Political Control of the Bureaucracy or bureaucratic control of the polity? 22/01/2013 17:35:00 ← Some models of bureaucratic behavior assume that the Bureaucracy is there to play two apolitical roles ← 1. Advice: The bureaucracy provides the government with unbiased, expert advice where requested Provide advise and implement what there told to do by the government – apply new law. Highly apolitical and neutral ← 2. Implementation: The bureaucracy will impartially implement legislative directives ← In either case, the Bureaucracy is viewed as a neutral tool that can be controlled equally by whatever government happens to win an election 1918 civil service act and make it law that they are filled by the surface of merit. Idea that civil servants and the sign of a political party to be made as neutral. ← However, the Bureaucracy is arguably no less political than any of the other political institutions that we have examined ← Structure of the Canadian Bureaucracy: ← “The Federal public sector employs roughly 486 000 people working in close to 400 organizations” ← There are 3 main components ← 1. Government Departments ← Direction for these departments is determined by the Minister in charge of that department ← The day to day management of the department is assigned to an appointed Deputy Minister ← The Deputy minister is usually a career public servant with the technical knowledge necessary to handle the day to day operations of the portfolio ← The “Deputy Minister is assigned two principal roles:” ← A) She acts as chief adviser to the minister (Advise the Minister) ← B) “She functions as manager of the department” ← 2. Crown Corporations ← “Canada has 45 parent Crown corporations at the federal level, which have a total of 60 subsidiaries” ← They are government owned bodies that function (at least in some respects) similarly to private corporations ← Canada Post, CBC ← 3. Administrative Agencies and Tribunals ← “These organizations perform a wide variety of regulatory, research, and advisory functions” ← CRTC, Canada Border Services Agency, National Parole Board ← They have a degree of autonomy from government intervention ← In some circumstances they can make quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial decisions ← Agents of Parliament Auditor General ← “They are attached to Parliament rather than the government of the day either because they are meant to be critical or because they are supposed to serve all members impartially” ← Power ← So what is the relationship between bureaucracy and political power? ← 1. An influence
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