Class Notes (839,081)
Canada (511,183)
POLSCI 1G06 (280)
Todd Alway (280)
Lecture 12

Political Science 1G06 2012 Lecture 12a overhead transition (1).doc

2 Pages
114 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLSCI 1G06
Professor
Todd Alway

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Description
Political Science 1G06 2012 Lecture 12a Transitions to democracy - Is authoritarianism anachronistic? - Is the spread of democracy on a global level inevitable? - Historical trends: - According to Samuel Huntington’s The Third Wave of Democracy, democracy has expanded in 3 major historical waves - Wave 1: - 1820s until 1920s – 29 democracies - Reverse wave beginning in 1922 – 12 democracies - Wave 2: - 1943 until 1962 – 36 democracies - Reverse wave throughout 1960s – 30 democracies - Wave 3: - 1974 until ? – 117 states (Freedom House – as of 2012) - The question now being asked is whether democracy will continue its forward march, whether the advance of democracy has stopped, or even whether we are on the precipice of a third reverse wave rd - Huntington argued that there were five factors contributing to the “occurrence and timing of the 3 wave” - 1. “A Deepening legitimacy crisis in authoritarian regimes that had based their authority on a means- ends justification” - By the 1970s it began to become apparent that at least some authoritarian states - former high growth states - were stagnating economically - Particularly centrally planned economies - 2. Rapid economic growth in 1960s, 70s, 80s - At the same time, other market-based authoritarian states experienced sustained economic growth - However, rather than offering further legitimacy to the authoritarian government, the growth produced the social conditions that would undo authoritarian leadership o Middle class - 3. Change in the Political Culture of the Catholic Church - For most of its existence the Catholic Church has been a defender of tradition and deference to authority - This spiritual support of deference was functionally useful to authoritarian regimes - However, the position of parts of the Catholic Church began to change following the Second Vatican Council of the mid-1960s - Out of this Council emerged a political-religious doctrine known as Liberation Theology - “Roughly ¾ of the countries that transitioned to democracy between 1974-1989 were Catholic” - 4. “The Policy orientation of external actors” - European Community - If you want to become a member of the EC, with all the economic benefits that this provides, you must first be a
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit