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lecture 3b bureaucracy II.doc

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Political Science
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Todd Alway

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Political Science 1G06 2013 II Lecture 3b Political Control of the Bureaucracy or bureaucratic control of the polity? - Some models of bureaucratic behaviour assume that the Bureaucracy is there to play two apolitical roles - 1. Advice: The bureaucracy provides the government with unbiased, expert advice where requested - 2. Implementation: The bureaucracy will impartially implement legislative directives - In either case, the Bureaucracy is viewed as a neutral tool that can be controlled equally by whatever government happens to win an election - However, the Bureaucracy is arguably no less political than any of the other political institutions that we have examined Structure of the Canadian Bureaucracy: - “The Federal public sector employs roughly 486 000 people working in close to 400 organizations” - There are 3 main components 1. Government Departments - Direction for these departments is determined by the Minister in charge of that department - The day to day management of the department is assigned to an appointed Deputy Minister - The Deputy minister is usually a career public servant with the technical knowledge necessary to handle the day to day operations of the portfolio - The “Deputy Minister is assigned two principal roles:” - A) She acts as chief adviser to the minister - B) “She functions as manager of the department” - 2. Crown Corporations - “Canada has 45 parent Crown corporations at the federal level, which have a total of 60 subsidiaries” - They are government owned bodies that function (at least in some respects) similarly to private corporations o Canada Post, CBC - 3. Administrative Agencies and Tribunals - “These organizations perform a wide variety of regulatory, research, and advisory functions” o CRTC, Canada Border Services Agency, National Parole Board 1 - They have a degree of autonomy from government intervention - In some circumstances they can make quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial decisions - Agents of Parliament o Auditor General - “They are attached to Parliament rather than the government of the day either because they are meant to be critical or because they
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