Class Notes (836,321)
Canada (509,732)
POLSCI 1G06 (280)
Todd Alway (280)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6a International Relations Theory II.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Todd Alway

Political Science 1G06 2013 II Lecture 6a International Relations Theory - Is politics in the international realm fundamentally different than politics in the domestic realm? - If so, why? - The Discipline of international relations is divided into different theoretical camps - Each theory offers a different explanation for why the international realm is structured as it is o Why war and peace o Why Cooperation and discord - Political Idealism - Context of World War I - Given its frequency throughout human history, is war inevitable? - Idealists suggested no – it may be widespread and recurrent, but it is not inevitable - The logic here is as follows: - 1. Human Nature is essentially cooperative, not antagonistic nor belligerent - We know this to be the case from the fact that humans always group together into social collectivities - 2. This being so, war must be caused by something that channels this natural cooperation into something more destructive - Poorly designed institutions can pervert the natural human tendency to cooperate - 3. Because war is caused by institutional failure rather than Human Nature, war can, at least potentially, be ended, if those institutions can themselves be reformed - In other words, the international system can be reformed in such a way that war will end - It merely requires the right International organizations, well designed international law, and sufficient arms control to reduce the threat that all states feel from militarization 1 - Collective security is one such institutional mechanism – where an attack against one state automatically triggers a war by all states against the aggressor - Idealism in Practice: - 1. League of Nations - “The League considered 66 disputes between states and contributed to peaceful outcomes in 35 of them” - 2. Permanent Court of International Justice - 3. Washington Naval Treaty, 1922 – An arms control agreement limiting the number of battleships that the great powers could have in their fleets - 4. Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928 – “The High Contracting Parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it, as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another” - The ultimate failure of the League of Nations to prevent the outbreak of World War II cast this particular theoretical perspective in a very negative light - Nevertheless, the commitment to international organizations, international law, arms control, and collective security as the means of transforming the warlike nature of the international realm still has a strong resonance amongst some scholars of international relations Realism - In the Twenty Years Crisis (1939), E.H. Carr lambasted the idealist position as representing a self-serving attempt by the already powerful to justify the international status quo - Peace only serves the interests of those who are not being exploited or hindered by current international arrangement
More Less

Related notes for POLSCI 1G06

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.