Class Notes (806,820)
Canada (492,456)
Greg Flynn (10)

Week2Thursday Political Sci 2F03.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Political Science
Greg Flynn

Lecture 2F03 – Thursday, Week2 July 4, 2013 Understanding Canada Federalism Regionalism in the context of federalism Multiculturalism Multinationalism and different nations that comprise Canada Diversity of Voices in Canadian Politics  Diversity of Voices: o Includes:  “Founding” Nations  The Tensions of Nationalisms  Multiculturalism – Unifying force, but it can be argued that it can be a divisive force. Both those who are against it, and for it think its divisive. o Federalism – Useful way of managing the tensions of regional divisions o Regionalism - Has been around since the beginning, one of the reasons why we have a federal system.  Historically until the 1990s – Nationalisms (English-Canada & French Canada) o Aboriginal sovereignty was given more freedom later in the 1990s. Nationalisms In Canada English, French, Aboriginal & Multiculturalism Federalism  High levels – Tell us how power is distributed  A Political device that allows government at different levels to exercise sovereignty in certain levels o Structures the allotment of power among government units o Allows citizens to have closer contact with government  If had a unitary system, if we didn‟t have diff. levels of government. Citizens wouldn‟t have these different levels of government that they can have a connection with.  This way we have more opportunity to speak to elective representatives.  What are some essential elements? o Division of powers o Amendment procedure o Courts (Judiciary)  Why do we have federalism in Canada? o To solve the problem of government getting too big.  Decentralization VS centralization  More power sits with the federal government. There‟s an ongoing debate about how centralized our government should be. o Manage or moderate cleavages or diversity  Linguistic  Religious  Cultural  Aaron Lipheart (C. democracy) o In order to check government power Why does federalism work for Canada?  Vast territory  It has worked in some respects, and hasn‟t worked in some.  Large immigration population (60% of population comes from immigrant decendents)  Distinct economic regions  Two official languages Division of power – how are powers divided in Canada?  Division of powers must be explicitly outlined  Sections 91, 92, and 93  Federal powers – defense, foreign affairs, trade & commerce, postal service  Provincial powers – health care, education, sale of alcohol, solemnization of marriage  Residual powers – Not specifically outlined in the constitution o Any residual powers are granted to the federal gov‟t under section 91  Federal government hasn‟t always assumed responsibility for the environment Types of Federalism  Executive o The negotiation between executives of the federal and provincial level  Fiscal o Applies to the money, transfer of funds from federal to provinces o TRANSFERS  Provinces have more powers in areas that cost more (health, education, welfare, etc.)  Fiscal – Distribution of Tax dollars  Provinces that have must pay in order to redistribute to the have not.  Two types of
More Less

Related notes for POLSCI 2F03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.