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Week3Thursday Political Science 2F03 - Summer

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Political Science
Greg Flynn

The Legislature and the Senate th July 11 , 2013 2F03 – E Fusion of Powers (Parliamentary System): Powers of government divided into 3 branches - Legislative (make and pass laws, policies) - Executive (propose policies, control resources) - Judicial (resolve conflict and issues of the law) Executive& Legislative – PM depends on the house to make government work - Unlike the US (Separation of Powers, the President doesn’t sit in congress) - Canada fusion of power – Executive and Legislative are fused. Prime Minister sits in the Legislature. (Executive in Canada is Prime Minister, Cabinet, Monarch and Crown) o Prime minister and cabinet sit in the legislature as opposed to the American system where they’re separate. o Most of the legislature that goes on and gets passed comes from the executive and the cabinet. Branches of Government in Canada  Legislative – Parliament  Executive – Monarch/crown, Prime Minister, Cabinet/Minister  Judicial – Courts Parliamentary System Parliaments  Only one elected body (a parliament of representatives)  Its bills are laws  Executive sits in the parliament and is comprised of a Prime Minister or Premier and Cabinet (&Crown) Cabinet  Members chosen by PM, from his/her political party  Officially appointed by GG  Perform executive duties in addition to legislative duties i.e health care, foreign policy, etc  Can only serve as long as they maintain the ‘confidence’ of parliament (explain principle of confidence)  Can also hold parliament in check by calling an election  Most legislation originates here o Some legislation can originate from private members OMNIBUS LEGISLATION – A huge group bills into one, so that all are passed. Can hide the unpopular bills. Prime Minister  Used to be thought of as primus inter pares or ‘first among equals’  Actually much more powerful than this – leader of government, party leader, and first member of the cabinet  Head of government (crown is head of state) Private Members  Not in cabinet Types of Bills in Canada 1. Public Bills a. Government bills i. Types of proposals that affect the public generally ii. Usually initiated by cabinet iii. Can include financial provisions b. PM
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