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Political Science
Peter Graefe

CANDIAN POWER 2014-04-13 1:46 PM Narrow view : Focus on the state • Who tries to shape it • What does that state do/not do • What impacts of state action/inaction • Broad view : focus on relationships • Relationships involve ongoing negotiations of power Pluralism • Power is relatively disperse and has multiple sources – financial time expertise ability to mobilize others • Individuals have a variety of interests o Ex. Quebec working class , have national identity and Quebecer and class identity of working class § Conflict because may be asking to do different things • The line-up of of individuals in interest groups varies greatly across issue areas: people may be opposed to one another on one issue, but in agreement on another o Ex. Working with one individual on issue , and working with someone else on another issue, many ways we can agree and disagree on issues o Overlap , agree and disagree • As a result , one cannot say that one group “rules” , as people will win and lose across issue areas, and even groups who concentrated one resource – money , may lose to opponents who have mobilized other resources • Primary focus is on the role of organization interests in affecting policy outcomes. Partisan competition exists largely as a check on narrow interests who grow too powerful • There is no clear “public interest” in any policy area, rather, the public interest is severed though the working of the system, which allows multiple interest to be heard and to affect outcomes though bargaining and negotiation o Public interest is maintained by having plural interests Problems with pluralism • What about the state ? o A. Does the state have autonomy from groups § does it have expertise and capacity to negotiate with, or even co-opt , interests o B. Do the institutions of the state matter for influencing interest group competition § Health care in Canada and the unites states ú Comparison of Canada and US. • PLURLIAST , explain interests in favor of Medicare in Canada was for then against while in the us was the opposite • May not be interest groups , certain groups have influence over outcomes o Do past decisions contrarian current ones §
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