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Lecture 3

POLI SCI 2H03 Lecture 3.pdf

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Political Science

1 Course: Poli Sci 2H03 Subject: Globalization and State Sovereignty Instructor: Dr. Vermilyea Section: Evening, T01 Date: Sept. 26, 2012  Look at historical significance of sovereignty  What does state sovereignty mean for IR and globalization?  Is state sovereignty diminishing or thriving?  What does this mean for IR and globalization? What vs. how?  What is sovereignty vs. how does sovereignty function?  Slightly different types of questions  What is state sovereignty?  Defined borders  Ability of states to set their own policy  Quality of having a supreme, independent authority over a geographic area  Doesn't contain implications for globalization  How does state sovereignty function?  How it emerged?  Is the division of the world as it is today inevitable?  We think of sovereignty as an enduring, timeless phenomenon  It's more of a modern invention  Medieval authority had no single authority that held ultimate dominance  Overlapping authorities  Through our modernist lens, we question how this exists (we're thinking through state sovereignty)  Peace of Westphalia Treaties  Signed to signal end of 30 years war  Between European and sovereign/imperial cities  Established new system of political order  Characterized by sovereign states  Emerged from necessity  Progressive policy  Clean break from the past  What does this theory leave out?  Illustrates a new stage in colonialism  How to organize political space  Violence  Can also be the denial of rights  Denial of Human Rights to people who aren't the citizens of a country  Why is sovereignty necessary?  Keohane discusses this in his article  Also discusses Hobbes  Life is nasty, brutish, and short  Idea of human nature 2 Course: Poli Sci 2H03 Subject: Globalization and State Sovereignty Instructor: Dr. Vermilyea Section: Evening, T01 Date: Sept. 26, 2012  We're calculated, self-interest individuals seeking glory and we are fearful of one another  Sites Kenneth Waltz (realist scholar in IR)  States seek to maintain and expand their power  Between states, there is no order  Within states, politics can exist  Significantly modifies Hobbesian notion of anarchy between states  Suggests that states are still self-interested, but they can co-exist and share a common set of principles and norms that most of them can abide by  References international regimes  Sets of formal and informal rules that can facilitate cooperation between states  Self-interest doesn't stop cooperation necessarily  Argues that the story of cooperation and shared roles isn't a universal thing  The Global West follows this set of rules  In these areas, sovereignty is less likely to serve as a justification for centralized, territorial rule  More of a bargaining tool for influence over transnational networks  Increased complex interdependence is not universal  East Asia, Latin America, we can see the beginnings of it  See the beginnings of sovereignty being used
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