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Lecture 11

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McMaster University
Political Science

1 Course: Poli Sci 2H03 Subject: Borders, Security, and Global Migration Instructor: Dr. Vermilyea Section: Evening, T01 Date: Nov. 21, 2012 Salter Paper (Passports, Mobility, and Security: How Smart can the Border Be?)  Intertwining logic of security and mobility  Especially with migration  Even before 9/11 there was screening at borders  References increasing notions of security problems not just being "out there"  Usually can locate 'enemies' outside of our society  We are increasingly seeing security threats within our society  In principle, everyone has a basic right to mobility  Dangers of mobility include: security threats, crime, political/cultural threats, health and disease  Passports only lets us know who the bearer is and where we can expel them to  Other than that, there isn't much of a function, he argues  Each passport should have a name, nationality, signature, space for visa permits, etc.  Passports must be replicable in form, so that they are recognized easily, but unique to identify individuals/states  Biometrics  Facial prints, hang geometry, retinal identification  Helps to identify bearers  Machine-readable information wasn't as prevalent before 9/11  Contemporary security themes  Since a lot of terrorists, criminals, or illegals aren't precisely known, they couldn't be tied to any terrorist organizations  Increasingly see border agents looks for risky traits/populations  Significant shift in policy  Border security has shifted from examination of travelers to the surveyance of the general mobile population  Delocalization of borders  Instead of simply understanding the separation form the physical border of the state to the outside world, we are seeing border policing/checkpoints happening before the migrants are within state jurisdiction  Border is being spread out to local and international aspects  Homeland security  Tied to themes in paper of general coordination of security agencies and databases  New smart border  Digital images  Increasing uses of biometric technologies  Racial profiling of high-risk individuals  Greater surveillance of people once inside the country  Transition of use of language form 'undesirable' to high-risk  'undesirable' indicates a certain type of knowledge about the individual  When we say 'high-risk,' this indicates no specific knowledge of threat  Suspicions based on statistics, sociology, and narratives 2 Course: Poli Sci 2H03 Subject: Borders, Security, and Global Migration Instructor: Dr. Vermilyea Section: Evening, T01 Date: Nov. 21, 2012  War on terror is fundamentally different from war between states  Given messages that threat is everyone instead of one, bordered place  Migration integrity officers  Agents located in foreign states to gain local information on high-risk people coming into the
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