Lecture at: 01/08/2014
C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLI S CI 2J03
McMaster University, Fall 2013
Wednesday, January 8, y
“THE DANGER OF A SINGLE ST” – HIMAMANDA ADICHIE
- Theoretical approaches
- Power / Discourse
- One story end up dealing in stereotypes
o It’s not that stereotypes are incorrect, but are incomplete
- Relationship between stories & power
o Stories are determined by the power of the speaker
o Power of the United States to expose its culture (many stories as opposed to one story)
- Story changes depending upon the starting point
Which starting point?
Influences what the ‘story’is and what the story ‘entails’
• European Expansion
• Industrial revolution / European Imperialism
• Patterns that were created during this time still have an impact on what is going
• History of colonialism is still present, relevant. Interpretation of issues and things
through their own historical relevance.
CHAPTER 2 - IPE AND ITS METHODS
Locating the field (four main fields that inform it)
Allocation of resources
It does not take into consideration (usually) the political systems
Most economics courses, an abstract world exists where politics does not take a role
Economy functions from supply and demand
Politics gets in the way of “free trade”, or how the ‘economy’should operate
o Political Science
Politics ignores economic (generally)
o Political Economy
Factors that are political influence the state and structure of markets
Markets influence political authority and states
There’s no consensus of what ‘political economy’entails
• Interaction of politics and economics
• Economists: application of economic principles to politics
o Tools to analyze markets and apply it to politics
o E.G. Member of Parliament the same way that a businessperson or firm
is looked at.
Angie © McMaster University 1
Fall 2013 Lecture at: 01/08/2014
Member of parliament – maximizing votes, re-election
• Member would not engage in politics to advance
Businessperson – maximizing revenue, profit, etc.
o International Relations
Study of the interaction of states
Issues of war and peace / foreign policies
Other key actors, role of multinational corporations, different kinds of society groups, etc.
• Gender, ethnic, etc.
• Their impact on the GLOBAL ECONOMY.
o Politics and economics at a global level
+ Closer look at realities / truths
- Can’t tell which way is the “true” way
o Epistemology (Ontology next)
Examines the question – How do we know what we know is correct?
How do we know that our perception of the world is valid?
How do we know that we are not misperceiving the world?
ONTOLOGY – The units of a system, economic nationalism, liberalism, etc. critical
theories have different ONTOLOGIES.
o Case studies and Large N studies
N – Large number studies
“Does free trade help developing countries develop?”
• CASE STUDY
o Pick a country such as “South Africa” and study its engagement with
o Can tell a lot about one individual country, but the problem with case
studies is that it might not be REPRESENTATIVE
o There might be a relationship of trade and development in SouthAfrica,
but it might be different in Nigeria.
• LARGE N STUDY
o Instead of looking at “SouthAfrica” – Look at all developing countries
around the world.
o To what degree have they engaged in Free trade and those that have