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2J03 January 8, 2014.docx

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Political Science
Robert O' Brien

Lecture at: 01/08/2014 C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLI S CI 2J03 McMaster University, Fall 2013 Wednesday, January 8, y “THE DANGER OF A SINGLE ST” – HIMAMANDA ADICHIE - Theoretical approaches - Power / Discourse - One story end up dealing in stereotypes o It’s not that stereotypes are incorrect, but are incomplete - Relationship between stories & power o Stories are determined by the power of the speaker o Power of the United States to expose its culture (many stories as opposed to one story) - Story changes depending upon the starting point o E.GAFRICA  Which starting point?  Influences what the ‘story’is and what the story ‘entails’  Historical developments. • European Expansion • Industrial revolution / European Imperialism • Patterns that were created during this time still have an impact on what is going on today. • History of colonialism is still present, relevant. Interpretation of issues and things through their own historical relevance. CHAPTER 2 - IPE AND ITS METHODS  Locating the field (four main fields that inform it) o Economics  Allocation of resources  Distribution  Efficiency  It does not take into consideration (usually) the political systems  Most economics courses, an abstract world exists where politics does not take a role  Economy functions from supply and demand  Politics gets in the way of “free trade”, or how the ‘economy’should operate o Political Science  Politics ignores economic (generally) o Political Economy  Factors that are political influence the state and structure of markets  Markets influence political authority and states  There’s no consensus of what ‘political economy’entails • Interaction of politics and economics • Economists: application of economic principles to politics o Tools to analyze markets and apply it to politics o E.G. Member of Parliament the same way that a businessperson or firm is looked at. Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Lecture at: 01/08/2014  Member of parliament – maximizing votes, re-election • Member would not engage in politics to advance certain ‘principles’  Businessperson – maximizing revenue, profit, etc. o International Relations  Study of the interaction of states  Issues of war and peace / foreign policies  State behaviour  Other key actors, role of multinational corporations, different kinds of society groups, etc. • Gender, ethnic, etc. • Their impact on the GLOBAL ECONOMY. o Others o Politics and economics at a global level  Multiple stories  + Closer look at realities / truths  - Can’t tell which way is the “true” way  Methods o Epistemology (Ontology next)  Examines the question – How do we know what we know is correct?  How do we know that our perception of the world is valid?  How do we know that we are not misperceiving the world?  ONTOLOGY – The units of a system, economic nationalism, liberalism, etc. critical theories have different ONTOLOGIES.  Different methods o Case studies and Large N studies  N – Large number studies  “Does free trade help developing countries develop?” • CASE STUDY o Pick a country such as “South Africa” and study its engagement with Trade. o Can tell a lot about one individual country, but the problem with case studies is that it might not be REPRESENTATIVE o There might be a relationship of trade and development in SouthAfrica, but it might be different in Nigeria. • LARGE N STUDY o Instead of looking at “SouthAfrica” – Look at all developing countries around the world. o To what degree have they engaged in Free trade and those that have
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