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October 29, Political Science 2XX3.docx

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Political Science
Richard Stubbs

Started on: 10/29/2013 6:38:00 AM Last saved on: 11/19/2013 7:41:00 AM C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLITICAL S CIENCE 2XX3 McMaster University, Fall 2013 T UESDAY , O CTOBER 29, 2013 How to study third world politics E XAMINE STATE SOCIETY RELATIONSHIP (DIFFERENT SOCIETIES GIVE RISE TO DIFFERENT POLITIES ) a. Within the context of the society in which they are embedded; relationship between politics and society b. Different kinds of societies are likely to give rise to different kinds of politics c. What are societies? i. Social system a structure; social structure of all of the people living in these ii. Social system of society is comprised of different institutions; 1. Government, religious, economics, family, educative iii. What do these institutions perform? Functions; interrelated constantly with each other in order to demonstrate their efficiency and to ensure the survival of the social structure; d. One significant element or a number of significant element (additional to religion, etc.) – LANGUAGE; & LAND trying to govern a society like Colombia, Bolivia and Peru that are geographically separated by three range of mountains, is different than establishing a society in a flat land. i. Not all societies can practice the same kind of politics! E STABLISH THE THEORETICAL CONTEXT (FAMILY , RESEMBLANCE , MINIMUM STANDARDS ) e. When we study third world politics we assume that the final point of arrival is a ‘representative democracy’; i. There are problems with this claim 1. Even though democracy was invented various years ago, we do not have a kind of ‘democracy’ that will please everyone; 2. These kind of democracies were not likely to arise during colonial times; the ones of the colonial administration was never the government for the people and by the people; it was for the colonizers and by the colonizers; 3. people to govern themselves; Greeks only practiced democracy for 200 one for years; then came Alexander the great (his claim of divine ordainment); 4. Democracy has been practices in a specific part of the world (Western Europe; North America) a. Democracy is not a common place term or practice; b. 200 ancient times c. 200 years in recent times; ii. Democracy is a concept with a family resemblance structure; Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Started on: 10/29/2013 6:38:00 AM Last saved on: 11/19/2013 7:41:00 AM 1. US – Republic Democracy 2. England – Monarchy Democracy 3. Japan – Unitary kind of regime 4. ETC. ETC. Western Liberal Democracy a. All accept participation, competition and respect for ‘human’ rights; within their domestic politics; iii. No consensus about what de
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