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November 25,2013-3B03 lecture notes.docx

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Political Science
Richard Stubbs

Started on: 11/25/2013 5:37:00 AM C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLITICAL S CI 3B03 McMaster University, Fall 2013 M ONDAY , NOVEMBER 25, 2013 PEOPLE OF IMPORTANCE Peter Kutzenstein Hettne REGIONALISM & GLOBALIZATION In Asia and Latin America there are a number of regions and organizations; Competing regions around the world; To say that we live in a world of regions, it tends to shape the way in which we look at policies; the way in which policies are developed; -At the end of the cold war; -Relationship with other states was always examined through the prism of the cold war; - For or against the United States; - For or against Soviet Communism - At the end of the Cold war o “Primary focus of relationships is no longer this bimodal/division down the world of the fault line of the cold war; emergence of regional leaders;” o Relationship with neighbors; - The EU (previously called the European Economic Community) became a model for what a region should look like, then NAFTA, etc. o Regions became important and particularly with the advent of globalization; countries / governments were trying to deal with the forces of globalization, how do deal with the neo- liberal dimensions of globalization - The pressure for privatization, liberalization, deregulation, etc. How will this affect our economy? How do we limit the damage done by globalization? COMBINING WITH REGIONS (REGIONALIZATION ) MERGENCE To combine the regions to fight against the forces of globalization Q. What is a region? Define what this is. A. A region is a geographic area, which has developed sociocultural links, political links, and economic links -Every year Euro countries put the best singers/ these are then selected -Just like tomorrow everyone in Europe will be watching Football… -Sociocultural links: things like champions league, the European Soccer; the Eurovision song contest -These sets of linkages distinguish it from the rest of the world Q. Define a region that distinguish it from the rest of the community TWO PROCESSES AT WORK (1) Regionalization (BOTTOM UP) a process by which material patents of transnational transactions; these can be family linkages; these can be trade; capital; these can be any number of linkages amongst individuals and groups that link a loosely defined geographic area together; -Regionalization is taking place between individuals/groups/organizations -One example of these linkages; Toyota’s Asia International Production Network in 2006 (overhead) Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Started on: 11/25/2013 5:37:00 AM --Center in Japan, production in China, India, Thailand, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Malaysia --Different parts are being produced in different parts of South East Asia; which then are linked together in a final assembly in Thailand or Japan; depending on the kind of Car. Low-end cars tend to be produced and final assembly in Taiwan, high-end cars in Japan. ----*These production chains and production networks (value chains); link the region together! Toyota has plants in all of these different countries ----*Movement of parts across boundaries! ----* Another important factor is the emigration of China to different parts (Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, etc.); these immigrants/emigrants will have linkages through family countries ----*You have transactions across boundaries and this helps bring a region together. BOTTOM-UP LINKAGES, not GOVERNMENT (Individuals, corporations and Organizations!)  Movement of Japan being the Hub in 1995 and now in 2005 China is the Hub. More evident over the last 10 years; a hub with a whole bunch of transactions  When Toyota is moving its parts around the region; it does not want to have problems at the border; it does not want to have high tariffs! What does it do? It goes to these governments to have the tariffs reduced; making it easier to move products across the borders.  Regionalization producing regions! Governments being pressured by individuals, organizations and groups (2) Regionalism is a state-led process that produces a definable geographic area by means of development of specific institutions and strategies. This is a top-bottom process. R EGIONS There is nothing natural about regions - They are produced - Should Turkey be a member of the European Union? o Migration has been an issue o Large economy o Large population o Pote
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