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Political Science 3B03 - Nov 20, 2013.docx

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Political Science
Richard Stubbs

Started on: 11/20/2013 5:34:00 AM C LASS N OTES FOR : 3B03 McMaster University, Fall 2013 W EDNESDAY , N OVEMBER 20, 2013 Fear of Tyranny drives some political cultures Equally; the fear of Anarchy similarly drives some people and their political culture; their views about politics and the way in which they should be governed. Think about Democracy o Democracy can come out of the fear of anarchy and fear of tyranny. o Democracy as seen in the middle ground; can incorporate aspects of both; which is why we have so many definitions and adjectives that are applied to democracy. Legitimacy o If we have fear of tyranny and fear of anarchy; then perhaps if you can have a strong leader that is seen as legitimate in order to deal with both fears o Directly after independence a number of developing countries had charismatic leaders; leaders who were responsible for that country becoming dependent;  In South East Asia – some charismatic leaders  Lee Kuan Yew o The son is the current prime minister of Singapore  Tunku Abdul Rahman (Malaysia) o Family dynasties established  Thailand – Shinawatra Dynasties  A trend of dynasties in South East Asia  ~What about dynasties in the United States; In Canada;  ~Argument of women leaders is because they‟re related;  ~First female prime minister in Sr. Lanka;  However, other explanations;  ~Being raised in families with political / etc. orientations brings up or socializes  Combination of factors;  Charismatic leader that produced exceptional growth rates; perhaps the daughter / son will be able to bring the knowledge and ability to the job  The most credibility comes from the fact that these dynasties have produced prosperity - Singapore Somewhat resistance towards democracy But perhaps we‟ve signed them off to quickly as resisting democracy; o PAP o Beginning to move down towards tyranny? o Fine city, clean, organized. Etc. - Malaysia o UMNO o Difference is with the Malays and the Non-Malays o Generally the Chinese tend to dominate economy and Malays dominate the politics o Formation of coalitions and meant that the tensions tended to be managed; Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Started on: 11/20/2013 5:34:00 AM o In the past they had racial riots; o 1969 – racial riots; however there is now second generation who did not remember the riots; actually getting more inter-communal tensions and its causing concerns; - Both systems are descendent of the Westminster kind of system; elected dictatorship (if getting majority government); o In a sense the PAP and UMNO have brought in rules, legislation, regulation, which benefit themselves in terms of what they‟re called sensitive issues;  MALAYS – can‟t talk about the privileges given to the Malays; because considered the original peoples although there is an indigenous population but lumped in with the Malays;  Cannot criticize the political structure in terms of the Sultans;  Malaysia has the only elected King in the world;  However its made up of a series of states; o Malaysia and Singapore have gone against Huntington‟s third wave; ASIAN VALUES - Tied in with the continuum; - After the end of the Cold War; the United States wanted to introduce new „goals‟ and „policies‟ for its foreign policies; o New Governance o Respect for Human Rights o Open economies o Democratization (Liberal Democracies) - Americans went around and pushed countries into Liberal Democracies o As a push to this; there are various Asian leaders and Scholars;  “American Values” & “American Democracy” – Is this what we want?  Pornography, drugs, the right to carry arms and kill people  A freedom to possess trade drugs; to trade pornography etc.  These are not Asian values; these are “individual values”  For others; what is more important is the community; society; so harmony is valued not individual competition; we value respect for our
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