5/7/2013 3:59:00 PM
Who would qualify as the most powerful actors in global politics
Who is it?
Form alliances, form groups in order to establish trade agreements as well as
cooperate in terms of policies
o The president of the USA? Maybe he‟s just a puppet.
o CHINA because of its economic activities?
o Non governmental organizations IMF (To impose rules and provide loans)
What other actors should we be looking at besides states?
Security induced through the use of fear
o Multinational Corporations
Globally Integrated Firms
o Religious Actors (Pope, ETC)
o Celebrity actors, do they wield power in the political world?
What do we mean by power?
o Power is wielded in different ways.
What is the global south?
Central, Latin America, Asian countries, African countries
Where does the Middle East fall? Under Asia…?
Countries which are still in development
Histories of the global south history of the cold wars. Non-aligned states in the two poles of
that bi-polar war. Historical development and particular context about what the global south
Global south as being in the southern Hemisphere, but not entirely accurate.
THREE CASES: Global north and Global south and relationship between the two.
Relationships, from CBC webpage
1. “Save the children today” – Child mortality. The riskiest day of a child‟s life is the first day. 1 Million
children a year die in the first day. One percentage of these deaths occurred in the industrialized world.
Mother‟s index. Ranking based on education, economic security and participation in politics. 22
Canada. Bottom Country was the Congo. While the global population has increased since 1970, child
mortality rates have been cut by 70%. Cause of death, premature birth, infection.
What does this say about the Global North and Global South Relationship?
What more do I need to know in order to make the argument?
o The relative ratio of births.
o Social spending?
o Which countries ranked in the top and in the bottom.
o Lack of political will in the north to aid/fix these preventable deaths in the South.
o Historical changes that reduces infant mortalities.
o Inequalities? What might explain this.
o Ethics? Is there an ethical question or concern? Is it about access to medicine? Is it
about economic security? The security of women and childbearing age in the south.
Garment Factory collapse in Bangladesh. 705 deaths. Factory fires in Pakistan as well.
In Bangladesh workers working in garment factory make the minimum wage. Since the disaster, La Bla‟s
(Joe Fresh), has stated that it will keep sourcing its sources from Bangladesh but will raise the standards.
Disney said that it will withdraw all of its product from Bangladesh.
What about consumer responsibility? We have to understand the realities behind these
Capital movement jobs go elsewhere, outsourcing and abuse.
Public shame. Awareness about the impact of economic activities and exploitations.
Economic demand on purchasing clothes?
Cultural shift in practice surround the world
o What‟s right and what‟s wrong?
CASE: 3 North Korea‟s population of 32.7 Million. Conducting nuclear tests against the will of the UN and the
US. Possible threats to the US. What does this case tell us about the North & South relations?
Use of Sanctions as a form of Intervention
Often what we are told is often different than the realities.
Awareness – How do we present others?
o How do our concerns about our fears are often raised.
What more evidence would we need to make claims whether this is a legitimate concern?
What do these tell us about the relationships?
How do we describe the relationship between the north and the south?
Obligations and Ethics
It‟s not a state to state relationship
Economic actors within states
Prominent actors within the South.
Changing states within the south that have their own set of International Relationships.
3 Questions which will be asked to answer in 200 words
How is power being utilized? Exercised? Etc.
A week to respond.
What more information would be needed to explore the issue that has been raised?
What would we look for if we were looking for evidence?
Content of the cases are on the final exam Thursday 5/7/2013 3:59:00 PM
How do we define the global south?
How do we understand the relationship between the Global south and the North?
What do we mean by the Global South?
o Less developed countries
o Developing countries
o Underdeveloped countries
o Third world
o Less industrialized countries
Western notion of what „development‟ means
o Global south can be geography as well
Specification of the global south as being postcolonial, sharing a common
Colonization, often defined by poverty and
Low, middle and high income states
Economic indicators may be problematic
Human development index
1 in 6 people in the world lack safe drinking water
30% of the world‟s doctors are residents of the local south
Literacy rates are close to 50%
Half of the population attending middle of high school
99% of maternal deaths are in the south
Over a quarter of the children of the developing world suffering from
Diseases like malaria 1 million people a year, 3 million from
Disparities within those societies
Levels of inequality within states are more significant
Greater disparities between genders
Significant changes around population growth 290% increase in Africa
Rapid processes of urbanization
15 of the world‟s 19 cities with populations over 10 million
are found in the global south
175 cities in the global south with over 1 million people
Focused on the ways in which society organizes itself. Often
the idea is that economic growth leads to growth in the
Political and economic change within society
Growing of democracy and rise with the middle class and
expansion of wealth (But what about the values being
imposed on these societies in an effort to achieve modernity,
development and industrialization? Post-structuralism would
argue that „brute‟ facts and values stemming from a liberal
democratic consensus are being imposed on the global south
in another colonialist regime)
Social changes – reliance of markets, changes in family size,
urbanization, secular life, values change, emphasis increases
on science, democracy and liberal markets.