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Session1&2 Political Sci 3EE3 Summer 2013

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McMaster University
Political Science
Dr.J.A.Sandy Irvine

5/7/2013 3:59:00 PM KTH 109 Course Content: Who would qualify as the most powerful actors in global politics  Who is it?  What evidence? o States  Form alliances, form groups in order to establish trade agreements as well as cooperate in terms of policies o UN o The president of the USA?  Maybe he‟s just a puppet. o CHINA because of its economic activities? o Non governmental organizations  IMF (To impose rules and provide loans)  What other actors should we be looking at besides states? o “Fear”  Security induced through the use of fear o Multinational Corporations  Globally Integrated Firms  MNCs o Religious Actors (Pope, ETC) o Celebrity actors, do they wield power in the political world?  What do we mean by power? o Power is wielded in different ways.  Political  Economical  Religious What is the global south?  Central, Latin America, Asian countries, African countries  Where does the Middle East fall? Under Asia…?  Countries which are still in development  Histories of the global south history of the cold wars. Non-aligned states in the two poles of that bi-polar war. Historical development and particular context about what the global south is.  Global south as being in the southern Hemisphere, but not entirely accurate. THREE CASES: Global north and Global south and relationship between the two. Relationships, from CBC webpage 1. “Save the children today” – Child mortality. The riskiest day of a child‟s life is the first day. 1 Million children a year die in the first day. One percentage of these deaths occurred in the industrialized world. nd Mother‟s index. Ranking based on education, economic security and participation in politics. 22 Canada. Bottom Country was the Congo. While the global population has increased since 1970, child mortality rates have been cut by 70%. Cause of death, premature birth, infection. What does this say about the Global North and Global South Relationship?  What more do I need to know in order to make the argument? o The relative ratio of births. o Social spending? o Which countries ranked in the top and in the bottom. o Lack of political will in the north to aid/fix these preventable deaths in the South. o Historical changes that reduces infant mortalities. o Inequalities? What might explain this. o Ethics? Is there an ethical question or concern? Is it about access to medicine? Is it about economic security? The security of women and childbearing age in the south. CASE 2: Garment Factory collapse in Bangladesh. 705 deaths. Factory fires in Pakistan as well. In Bangladesh workers working in garment factory make the minimum wage. Since the disaster, La Bla‟s (Joe Fresh), has stated that it will keep sourcing its sources from Bangladesh but will raise the standards. Disney said that it will withdraw all of its product from Bangladesh.  Exploitation  Corporate Responsibility  What about consumer responsibility? We have to understand the realities behind these sources.  Capital movement jobs go elsewhere, outsourcing and abuse.  Public shame. Awareness about the impact of economic activities and exploitations.  Economic demand on purchasing clothes?  Cultural shift in practice surround the world o What‟s right and what‟s wrong? CASE: 3 North Korea‟s population of 32.7 Million. Conducting nuclear tests against the will of the UN and the US. Possible threats to the US. What does this case tell us about the North & South relations?  Use of Sanctions as a form of Intervention  Often what we are told is often different than the realities.  Awareness – How do we present others? o How do our concerns about our fears are often raised.  What more evidence would we need to make claims whether this is a legitimate concern?  What do these tell us about the relationships? How do we describe the relationship between the north and the south? Obligations and Ethics It‟s not a state to state relationship Economic actors within states Cultural relationships Prominent actors within the South. Changing states within the south that have their own set of International Relationships. 3 Questions which will be asked to answer in 200 words  How is power being utilized? Exercised? Etc.  A week to respond.  Critical thinking.  What more information would be needed to explore the issue that has been raised?  What would we look for if we were looking for evidence?  Sourcing information  Content of the cases are on the final exam Thursday 5/7/2013 3:59:00 PM How do we define the global south? How do we understand the relationship between the Global south and the North? Global South  What do we mean by the Global South? o Less developed countries o Developing countries o Underdeveloped countries o Third world o Less industrialized countries  Western notion of what „development‟ means o Global south can be geography as well o Economics  Specification of the global south as being postcolonial, sharing a common experience historically.  Colonization, often defined by poverty and economic backwardness.  Low, middle and high income states  Economic indicators may be problematic  Human development index  Life expectancy  Purchasing power  1 in 6 people in the world lack safe drinking water  30% of the world‟s doctors are residents of the local south  Literacy rates are close to 50%  Half of the population attending middle of high school  99% of maternal deaths are in the south  Over a quarter of the children of the developing world suffering from mal nutrition  Diseases like malaria 1 million people a year, 3 million from HIV/AIDS  Disparities within those societies  Levels of inequality within states are more significant  Gender inequality  Greater disparities between genders  Significant changes around population growth  290% increase in Africa  Rapid processes of urbanization  15 of the world‟s 19 cities with populations over 10 million are found in the global south  175 cities in the global south with over 1 million people living  Modernization  Focused on the ways in which society organizes itself. Often the idea is that economic growth leads to growth in the middle class.  Political and economic change within society  Growing of democracy and rise with the middle class and expansion of wealth (But what about the values being imposed on these societies in an effort to achieve modernity, development and industrialization? Post-structuralism would argue that „brute‟ facts and values stemming from a liberal democratic consensus are being imposed on the global south in another colonialist regime)  Social changes – reliance of markets, changes in family size, urbanization, secular life, values change, emphasis increases on science, democracy and liberal markets.  Globalizati
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