Class Notes (806,585)
Canada (492,337)

Session5 Political Sci 3EE3 Summer 2013

8 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Political Science
Dr.J.A.Sandy Irvine

May 21 , 2013 – 3EE3 Human rights: GN-GS Traditional Questions:  What are human rights, where do they come from, where are they codified, how are they enforced Sources:  Reasoned/ordained: deontological approaches VS consequentialist approaches (utilitarianism) o Deontological – Universal rights for everyone  Not interested in the outcomes of following these rights  They’re right because they’re agreed upon by everyone  Religious sources of rights o Consequentialist approach  “Killing would be all right if saved 20 other people”  Socially constructed, contextual, post-modern o Rights can be defined within particular societies and can’t be defined outside of those societies o Who is right? o What do other societies, when they look at our societies, what would they consider to be a human rights violation  Abortion  Nursing homes / Homelessness Cultural relativism R.J Vincent “That moral claims derive from, and are enmeshed in, a cultural context which is itself the source of their validity” – Can’t talk about human rights outside of the social context. Are human rights the will of the powerful?  Beyond the most obvious violations  We might not have the right to push any universal ideas  In Canada, treating Aboriginal communities – Equal access to food can be contested. Sovereignty is a key divider Cosmopolitan “That all human beings are by nature fellow citizens of a world community are divided into particular society only by convention”  Not dependent on who, or where you are  Three streams o Political  Spread of norms and systems of governance common to all  “Live and let live” o Moral  Human rights – Universal (Intervention a responsibility) VS Sovereignty May 21 , 2013 – 3EE3  Ideas of the responsibility to protect o Social  Globalization and identity, progress, civilizing  If globalization spreads a set of political and social institutions and ideas of largely the Global North and the Global West, such as a process of Americanization, Westernization Communitarianism “Rejects the individualism inherit in liberal political theory and which puts an emphasis on values and goals of a collective nature – cultural or national values” What is the moral significance of borders? On one hand borders are created arbitrarily, so how do these define the edges of community in terms of intervening to protect human rights. What are the moral significance of borders between the Global north and the Global South? Implementing HR  Civil society is a “political space, or arena, where self-generated associations of citizens seek, from outside political parts, to shape the rules that govern social life” CSOs “bring citizens together non-coercively in deliberate attempts to mound formal laws and informal norms that regulate social relations”  Role of NGO’s o Raising awareness, implementation, monitoring o Transnational Advocacy Networks (Keck and Sikkink) o The Trojan horses for neo-liberalism (Wallace in Ayers)  R2P 2001 Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty o Introduces the idea of the responsibility to protect, where sovereignty is not defined as a right of state, but as a responsibility to their citizens o If they violate human rights, there’s an argument that we should intervene HR through International Trade Does trade liberalization hurt or promote HRs? Are trade agreements the correct place to advocate for HRs?  There’s a conflict of interest  Part of the benefit of doing trade (Natural advantage VS comparative advantage)  Arguments against it: Forcing values or western ideologies of human rights on GS countries.  HURT: o Trade policy is often undemocratic and transparent o Limit policy space of states in the Global South – Public interest May 21 , 2013 – 3EE3  Limit the ability of the Global South to deliver on goods that the Global North benefit from (Primary and Secondary education)  If you don’t allow states in the global south to tax properly, they’re not able to deliver on these things.  Doesn’t allow them to redistribute wealth because state is weakened. o Deregulation in trade in services  New Zealand and protection of aboriginal communities o Privatization  When things are privatized and turned over to profit, there’s a clash between efficiency and profit, and that public provided goods are sometimes unprofitable in communities  Ghana and water  Solution: o Don’t expect the WTO and trade agreements to enforce HRs vs. add HR in the text  Without language, non need to consider HR; simply lip service; WTO takes over HR  WTO may take over the role of enforcing human rights.  Since the stalling of the global trade regime, there’s been an increase of bilateral trade agreements  Drugs and responsibility to provide these at a low cost and of good quality. Delivering on responsibilities that are present on the trade regime  Tight connection between economics and human rights. o Local solutions and capacities – practical and precise policies; transparency Democracy  Is the spread of democracy good or bad? o The nature of the democracy that is being spread. o Procedural democracy? o Which comes first, democracy or economic development? o Do you have democracy, which can lead to better economic? Or do you have economic development that can lead to democracy.  Obama and Progress / Bush and Democracy  Aylers – Democratization is “the endeavor by the dominant social agents of the democratization project to constitute a neoliberal procedural notion of democracy in the ‘post-colonial world’ (p.2) o Democracy promotion at the state level; is an informal imperialism. o It is not government directly, but informally.  Needed to deal with certain states  Democratization as a system that enables capitalism o How does democracy enable neoliberalism?  Link to dominant global institutions that it may help promote? May 21 , 2013 – 3EE3  What does society look like on the ground?  Leaders know more about our consumption powers versus what we’d like about our political lives.  “Democratization and good governance serves the function of legitimating the extension and deepening of neoliberal capitalist accumulation by seeking to create the political institutions, the system of government, that would further a particular set of economic arrangements”  “Hegemony of a specific and impoverished model of (neo) liberal democracy, highly problematic, de-historicized notions, of state, society and self” (p.6)  Democracy, periodic election of political representation via credible multiparty elections; constitutionalism, the rule of law, and respect for a particular conception of human rights; good governance, characterized by minimal, neutral, accountable, transparent and participatory government, with an effective bureaucracy and a pluralist, independent civil society (p7)  Procedural form, prioritizing liberalization over democracy  Promoted by international and local elites  Imposing type of democracy on others is problematic o Democracy on one hand and religion on the other Democratization Ayer’s criticism: 
More Less

Related notes for POLSCI 3EE3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.