What is globalization? What is global governance?
What does this say about the relationship between the global north and the global south?
What is globalization?
“A process (or set of processes) which embodies a transformation in the spatial
organization of social relations and transactions – asses in terms of their extensity,
intensity, velocity and impact – generating transcontinental or interregional flows and
networks of activity, interaction, and the exercise of power
“ A Globalized world is one in which political, economic and cultural and social events
become more and more interconnected, and also one in which they have more impact”
(Baylis, Smith and Owens)
Globalization depending on how it is defined, it has elements of power. These favor
actors in the global north, rather than actors in the Global South.
Velocity is the fact that interactions happen quicker
How do we measure globalization? OECD 2005
Rise in interactions after the Cold War across the OECD
Trade international as a percentage of GDP has grown steadily.
Internet used is another method of measuring social interactions
Percentage of the Internet users, 6.2% of them come from Africa. Only 13.5% of the
people in Africa use the Internet.
Percentages of people differ in their access to the Internet
International air travel has increased
Warwick University Center for the Study of Globalization – Rank the degree to which
states have been affected by Globalization (economic, social and political)
o Economic – foreign portfolio investment, FDI, trade
o Social – tourism, internet use, imported films, books and newspapers
o Political – embassy‟s a state has, UN participation and membership in UN
1. Held & McGrew
a. Hyper globalists, skeptics, transformationalists
b. Fragmentation VS integration
c. Skeptics – realists, say that states drive globalization. That states can exit from
arrangements and it is the state‟s interest that matters
d. Transformationalists – Yes, the world is still changing, but states still have an
important role. International domestic division is less important, but states still
e. Security – Is globalization integrating, homogenizing it? Expansion of a
civilizing global economy, where market and freedom are right? Whether VS
there is a fragmentation and a response to this homogenizing force? Increased
security and increased reaction to the process of globalization.
2. What is driving it? a. Technology?
b. Trade, finance, production
c. Communication (technology), connection
d. Global North – Corporations, or states?
e. Powerful states, or elites that are driving globalization?
3. Loss of sovereignty? What does this mean for the global south? And relations with the
a. Weaking states in the Global South – Didn‟t have the capacity in the first place.
States the north have the ability to adapt to globalization.
b. It is different in how the global south experiences globalization
c. Taker instead of a maker
d. Will it level the playing field? The spread of technology in the global south lead
4. If economics drives globalization, - Neo-imperialism that will define the relationship and
deck is always stacked against the Global South
5. Policies of Migration – The global South has more to say?
6. Case study of Global North – South Relations
a. Global care chain – network of „personal links between people across the globe
based on the paid or unpaid work of care‟
b. ¼ of Philippines 70 mil inhabitants supported by women working overseas. 70%
of 8 million Filipinos overseas are women. 8 billion US$ remittances in 2002
c. Chain is international and domestic
d. Values of care decreases, as you go down the chain to a point, where there which
will be no pay. Commodification of pay, paying someone to look after a child.
e. Raciallized, economically driven.
7. Do families in the global north need poorer laborers and poorer countries to do their
a. International division of labor
b. States won‟t or can‟t provide for childcare? Tax at the rates that would allow
them to care for elder or childcare? Privatized and is done using international
8. What is the value of care?
9. How does this impact families in the global south?
a. Women go abroad and leave their children
b. Primary care giver being exported for long periods of times
10. Would a „living wage in the global south change this?
11. Does it undervalue education and underutilize skills?
a. „Brain waste‟
b. Women in the Philippine who train to be accountants, and teachers are more
valued as child-care minders than they are as professional skilled people in the
12. Has economic change (or cultural changes) forced families into two incomes?
13. What would a gendered analysis say about this?
a. Feminization of Migration – Helma Lutz 2002
14. Social Inequality of North-South relations
a. Adults and children in the Global North can get the services of those in the
Global South because they are rich and the others are poor
b. That the global care chain is a network that allows the continual extraction of
care and resources in the global south
c. Marxist-Lenist-Imperialist an