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Session12 Political Sci 3EE3 Summer 2013

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McMaster University
Political Science
Dr.J.A.Sandy Irvine

Session - Global Governance & Globalization Not a shared normative commitment to embedded liberalism and the economic system that seems to be pushed by members here (not a true commitment to this), and not a crisis which allows you (legitimizes you) to truly build something global. Global Networks “Networks may be understood as „informal‟ networks linking across national boundaries and carrying on various aspects of global governance in new and informal ways” “Patterns of regular and purposive relations among like government unites working across the borders that divide countries from one another and that demarcate the domestic from the international sphere (Slaughter cited in Slaughter and Zaring) Forest Stewardship Council  Eco-Label o It says that when you buy products, when consumer and buyers (they know that it has been produced in an environmentally sustainable management) o System has been put in place by buyers, producers, consumers and NGOs, not interestingly by states o States have not provided regulation o Need for equal representation for states in the Global South – Given that forestry is an important part of the southern industry. o Dingleworth, Karl: Argues that this private governance at the international level still causes problems for the global south, there are regional disparities in representation  50% of the votes for those in the South  But the Forest Stewardship Council defines the North and the South problematic  Some “Global North” are placed in the Global North  Management of forestry under regulations are not found in the global South  Part of this because of the existence of the capacity in the global south?  Interest around forestry in the Global North is highly organized.  The global north does a lot of things to create regulations AND manage it‟s own land.  International and Private Governance o Authority – Buyers, consumers, NGOs  Rio (1992) “non legally binding authoritative statement of principles for a global consensus on the management, conservation of all types of forest”  Global South‟s representation  Problems: o Regional disparities in representation, market access, Southern (Sovereignty) VS Northern (common heritage) views, use of market mechanisms o In an informal arrangement it still seems that the Global South looses to the Global North o Highlights southern desire for independence, protection for the environment and sustainable development  Which is easier for the Global North than the Global South Political Globalization The rise of NGOs x5 the number of IOs NGOs in the Global South  Are not global  But concentrated in Northern Countries  NGO‟s have the luxury of the rich, in terms of resources and times to pursue things.  Local NGO‟s as subsidiaries of North NGO‟s o Care International has it‟s own NGO‟s in Southern Africa  WANGO GCS: Celebrity Diplomacy  The way in which high profile individuals bring to the attention of the public, issues which very much are very often focused on the Global South  Andrew Cooper argues that celebrity diplomats are good in raising support for issues, but not necessarily the experts in this particular area. Civil Society and Global South  Kony 2012  Whether or not this is a new way of „governing‟ global politics  New type of power arrangement that doesn‟t wait for international organizations to move on something like Kony.  African Union pledges 5,000 troops within a week of this campaign to pursue Kony.  Depiction of the Global South as uncivilized, victims and helpless and requires good northern crusaders to sort out the problems Protests  Globalization = marginalization and fragmentation  WTO Seattle meetings (1999); G8, Scotland (2005); G20 Toronto (2010)  “Occupy”  Nigeria – 21% of Nigerians are unemployed o People protesting the „super‟ right in the Global South similar to Global North comparisons o Causes for protests are different than those that would be found in the Global North o “Little Bee”  About Nigeria, Oil and the Economy  Disturbing fiction.. Questions 1. What is globalization? a. Globalization doesn‟t seem to have reduced inequality b. Liberalization may have been too quick in the Global South c. Decline of the state has greater cost for the publics in the South than it has for public in the North d. Western ideas still seem to dominate “globalization” 2. What is global governance? a. States in the south don‟t seem to have nearly enough power to access benefits of the global economy & to provide b. Rising powers seem to have some capacity in the Global South? c. International Organizations seem to reflect the power of WWII (imperialist?) d. Civil Society is still dominated by the Global North e. Civil society pushes ideas that are very Western f. Global North still has considerable power but it might exercise it newer and different ways. g. What does Globalization / Global Governance look like from the Global South? 3. What does this say about the relationships between the Global North and the Global South 4. Does globalization and the rise of Global governance have the potential to change the relationship between the Global North and the Global South? 5. Does globalization represent further cultural / economic and political imperialism? 6. Does globalization allow for the Global South to have more voice in these areas (globalization as flourishing of multiple ideas) or is it reinforcing of the power of the Global North? 7. What does the decline of the state look like for the Global South? 8. Networks, protests and governance – will this help the south? Technology, ideas spreading? 9. Is Global Governance fair or is it efficient in dealing with the global south? a. Resistances? Genetically Modified rice for Vitamin A 10. Does globalization shift power in the relationship between the Global South and the Global North Evolving African International Relations  No Uniform answers to “what is African IR”  Recent Changes: o Northern interest in Africa: South-South engagement and the role of emerging powers; security link to development, rise in economic concerns; rise in non-state actors  Emerging Powers: o Defined by: Economic Performance, influence in world economy, political leadership / diplomacy esp. with GS states (G20), Geography, domestic conditions o Why is the global North post 2000 again interested in Africa? Charity and Celebrity diplomacy, civil society puts starvation on the map?  The fact that the global north is interested in the insecurity and need for security that comes from engagement with Southern African states  Emerging powers? Suggests that south Africa, Nigeria and Tunisia represent emerging powers (2009), that may challenged the constituted nature of International Politics  Defined by their economic performance, influence, political leadership, geography.  Relationship across Global South states  Role of Africa and China and their relationship  Domestic conditions matter, indicative of the emerging powers. o Key Question:  What is the future given emerging powers?  Are there changes afoot that will shift this constitutive nature of this dominant system?  Shift in power in terms of the command of economic resources  Introduction of G5 and G20  Rise of NGO‟s and alternative powers (but have not been overly effective) o Rise of NGO‟s and the emerging powers of the Global South, does shift from post WWII western perspective that has defined international relations for the last 70 years and has drawn into question the role of the US and it‟s hegemony. o Global Southern economies do have an effect on the Global Economy of the North o Inter-Southern cooperation, that allows other forms of development challenges the ideas of the Washington Consensus o Ideas that the global North and pride itself
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