Session - Global Governance &
Not a shared normative commitment to embedded liberalism and the economic system that seems
to be pushed by members here (not a true commitment to this), and not a crisis which allows you
(legitimizes you) to truly build something global.
“Networks may be understood as „informal‟ networks linking across national boundaries and
carrying on various aspects of global governance in new and informal ways”
“Patterns of regular and purposive relations among like government unites working across the
borders that divide countries from one another and that demarcate the domestic from the
international sphere (Slaughter cited in Slaughter and Zaring)
Forest Stewardship Council
o It says that when you buy products, when consumer and buyers (they know that it
has been produced in an environmentally sustainable management)
o System has been put in place by buyers, producers, consumers and NGOs, not
interestingly by states
o States have not provided regulation
o Need for equal representation for states in the Global South – Given that forestry
is an important part of the southern industry.
o Dingleworth, Karl: Argues that this private governance at the international level
still causes problems for the global south, there are regional disparities in
50% of the votes for those in the South
But the Forest Stewardship Council defines the North and the South
Some “Global North” are placed in the Global North
Management of forestry under regulations are not found in the global
Part of this because of the existence of the capacity in the global south?
Interest around forestry in the Global North is highly organized.
The global north does a lot of things to create regulations AND manage
it‟s own land.
International and Private Governance
o Authority – Buyers, consumers, NGOs
Rio (1992) “non legally binding authoritative statement of principles for a global
consensus on the management, conservation of all types of forest”
Global South‟s representation
o Regional disparities in representation, market access, Southern (Sovereignty) VS
Northern (common heritage) views, use of market mechanisms o In an informal arrangement it still seems that the Global South looses to the
o Highlights southern desire for independence, protection for the environment and
Which is easier for the Global North than the Global South
The rise of NGOs x5 the number of IOs
NGOs in the Global South
Are not global
But concentrated in Northern Countries
NGO‟s have the luxury of the rich, in terms of resources and times to pursue things.
Local NGO‟s as subsidiaries of North NGO‟s
o Care International has it‟s own NGO‟s in Southern Africa
GCS: Celebrity Diplomacy
The way in which high profile individuals bring to the attention of the public, issues
which very much are very often focused on the Global South
Andrew Cooper argues that celebrity diplomats are good in raising support for issues, but
not necessarily the experts in this particular area.
Civil Society and Global South
Whether or not this is a new way of „governing‟ global politics
New type of power arrangement that doesn‟t wait for international organizations to move
on something like Kony.
African Union pledges 5,000 troops within a week of this campaign to pursue Kony.
Depiction of the Global South as uncivilized, victims and helpless and requires good
northern crusaders to sort out the problems
Globalization = marginalization and fragmentation
WTO Seattle meetings (1999); G8, Scotland (2005); G20 Toronto (2010)
Nigeria – 21% of Nigerians are unemployed
o People protesting the „super‟ right in the Global South similar to Global North
o Causes for protests are different than those that would be found in the Global
o “Little Bee”
About Nigeria, Oil and the Economy
1. What is globalization?
a. Globalization doesn‟t seem to have reduced inequality
b. Liberalization may have been too quick in the Global South c. Decline of the state has greater cost for the publics in the South than it has for
public in the North
d. Western ideas still seem to dominate “globalization”
2. What is global governance?
a. States in the south don‟t seem to have nearly enough power to access benefits of
the global economy & to provide
b. Rising powers seem to have some capacity in the Global South?
c. International Organizations seem to reflect the power of WWII (imperialist?)
d. Civil Society is still dominated by the Global North
e. Civil society pushes ideas that are very Western
f. Global North still has considerable power but it might exercise it newer and
g. What does Globalization / Global Governance look like from the Global South?
3. What does this say about the relationships between the Global North and the Global
4. Does globalization and the rise of Global governance have the potential to change the
relationship between the Global North and the Global South?
5. Does globalization represent further cultural / economic and political imperialism?
6. Does globalization allow for the Global South to have more voice in these areas
(globalization as flourishing of multiple ideas) or is it reinforcing of the power of the
7. What does the decline of the state look like for the Global South?
8. Networks, protests and governance – will this help the south? Technology, ideas
9. Is Global Governance fair or is it efficient in dealing with the global south?
a. Resistances? Genetically Modified rice for Vitamin A
10. Does globalization shift power in the relationship between the Global South and the
Evolving African International Relations
No Uniform answers to “what is African IR”
o Northern interest in Africa: South-South engagement and the role of emerging
powers; security link to development, rise in economic concerns; rise in non-state
o Defined by: Economic Performance, influence in world economy, political
leadership / diplomacy esp. with GS states (G20), Geography, domestic
o Why is the global North post 2000 again interested in Africa? Charity and
Celebrity diplomacy, civil society puts starvation on the map?
The fact that the global north is interested in the insecurity and need for
security that comes from engagement with Southern African states
Emerging powers? Suggests that south Africa, Nigeria and Tunisia
represent emerging powers (2009), that may challenged the constituted
nature of International Politics
Defined by their economic performance, influence, political leadership,
Relationship across Global South states
Role of Africa and China and their relationship Domestic conditions matter, indicative of the emerging powers.
o Key Question:
What is the future given emerging powers?
Are there changes afoot that will shift this constitutive nature of this
Shift in power in terms of the command of economic resources
Introduction of G5 and G20
Rise of NGO‟s and alternative powers (but have not been overly
o Rise of NGO‟s and the emerging powers of the Global
South, does shift from post WWII western perspective
that has defined international relations for the last 70
years and has drawn into question the role of the US and
o Global Southern economies do have an effect on the
Global Economy of the North
o Inter-Southern cooperation, that allows other forms of
development challenges the ideas of the Washington
o Ideas that the global North and pride itself