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Poli Sci 3LC3 Jan 21 2014.docx

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McMaster University
Political Science
Netina Tan

Started on: 01/21/2014 C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLI S CI 3LC3 McMaster University, Fall 2013 T UESDAY , ANUARY 21, Y PRESENTATION FOLLOW UP - Economic conditions for cleansing? - Islamic population in Burma living beneath the poverty line - Thailand and monarchy - Buddhism / Male run R EGIME ,STATE ,GOVERNMENT AND DEMOCRATIZATION - To distinguish - To define - To apply to SEAsian Studies Government - Organized group of people who, for a time, constitutes the political executive and administers public policies o Ruling political party or coalition of political parties in a parliament or presidential system o The cabinet - Governments are political, they come and go - Governments are selected State? - State is more than a government - Max Weber’s definition of a state - Governments are selected: states are formed - Common characteristics of “stateness” 1. Coercive apparatus that enforces property rights / defends territory 2. Reliance on physical force 3. Administrative staff (judiciary, bureaucracy and legislative branches) 4. Legal structures and a system of rule of law a. If a state is unable to enforce its rule of law; we see this as a failed or partial state b. High levels of corruption c. Predatory behavior 5. Mechanisms for trading, defending / attacking those of other states 6. International recognition of its sovereignty - Predatory state? - Lead to a failed state? Regime - “Institutions and procedures, both formal and tacit, that order the competition for ant he exercise of state power” - “Sets of formal and informal rules and procedures for selecting national leaders and policies” o Democracy is a type of regime where there is free, fair and regular competition for votes for access to political office o Different regime types: democracies, autocracies, oligarchy o Egs. Liberal democracies in Canada, Sweden and Great Britain or absolute monarchy in SaudiArabia Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Started on: 01/21/2014 Why do we need to know the differences? - Without state there would be no democracies - Is it possible to have a failed state and have democratic procedures? - The concept of regime, presupposes the state. Without a state there can be no secure democracy - As Juan Linz argues: “no state, no Rechsstaat, no democracy” o Rechsstaat - rule of law - Stephan - “Stateness problems arise when territorial boundaries of a community, rights of citizenship and legitimacy of the state are unresolved” - E.G legal system is part of the state - in democracies with flagrant violations of rule of law or rampant corruption, the quality of democracy will be undermined - Stateness  Democraticness Democracy - No agreement on the meaning of democracy. 550 sub-types of democracies - Most definitions focus on qualities, procedures and institutions. Essentially, debate over whether to adopt procedural (minimalist) or substantive (maximalist) definitions (Case 5-6) Demo
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