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March 4, 2014 - 3LC3

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Political Science
Netina Tan

Started on: 3/10/14 19:02 a3/p3 C LASS N OTES FOR : P OL S CI 3LC3 McMaster University, Winter 2014 T UESDAY , M ARCH 4, Y Singapore - “Singapore Model” & how it challenges democratization theories - Hegemonic party regime - Asian Values Debate - Electoral Engineering - Prospects of democratization, whether liberal democracy is a good model for Singapore - Conclusion - Transition - Economic miracle - one of Asia’s leading economic tigers - Small country, only 697 SQ km - Highest GDP in Asia, $235.7 billion - Top military spenders - High tech, cosmopolitan city state - Singapore airlines - Highly regulated in aspects of life - “Fine city” - Tough laws: chewing gum ban, vandalism laws, and Michael Fay incident o Abide by the rules o Caning as punishment o To show the defense of rules - Myriad of rules that govern public assembly, media and elections to stifle opposition - Govern by one party for the last 5 decades Singapore puzzle and contradictions - Small island with no natural resources, yet one of the wealthiest? - Multicultural, religion and race = socially orderly and harmonious society - Development and large middle classes = defies modernization theory - Highly cosmopolitan, westernized and modern = conservative “Asian values” - PAPs hegemonic party rule = low corruption, maintains a small party organization? Basic facts and figures - 4 main languages in Singapore - Various religions - Singapore dollar - Largely dominated by Chinese population - Computer equipment, machinery, rubber products, petroleum products - National identity History - Former British Trading colony - WWII, Japan Bombs, Singapore fell to Japan rule Angie © McMaster University 1 Winter 2014 Started on: 3/10/14 19:02 a3/p3 - Attained self-gov’t - Singapore ruled under the PAP - 1963: Singapore joined Malaysian Federation, but separated 2 yrs. later - 1965: Singapore became independent - One of five founding members of ASEAN - Phenomenal socio-economic changes Racial Riots - Immigrant Chinese, Malay, Indians, Others - British Colonial Legacy of Segregation - Indonesia’s Konfrontasi against Malay federation - Left-Wing aggravation, Chinese Nationalism - Singapore’s separation from Malaysia 1965 Multi-racial-lingual-cultural society - English - Malay still the national language - Mandarin, Tamil and Malay = 2 language - Legislations and rules to enforce racial harmony & religious tolerance (education, housing policies, national conscription). - No segregation - Integration, in order to disperse enclaves - Ethnic quotas on housing to ensure that there are different amount of ethnicities living in the state Education: high literacy - Formal education is important - Literacy rate: 96.3% - MERITOCRACY: appointments and promotions based on talent and ability - Education budget: 5.5% of GDP, 8.7 Million Singapore Armed Forces - Surrounded by Malay and Muslim nations - Siege mentality - Small country surrounded by somewhat aggressive neighbors - National conscription: 2 years of national service when 18 yrs. - Strong role in building the nation - Conscription includes all people livin
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