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POLI SCI 3VV3 jan 10 .docx

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McMaster University
Political Science
James Ingram

POLI SCI 3VV3 January 10, 13 Political Theory Pericles (495-429) Thucydides (460-399) C. 500 – Solon 508 – Cleisthenes 490 - Battle of Marathon  Event where Greece and Athens free citizens (fight their own wars) against empires (who have employees to fight their wars) 461 - Rise of Pericles  Democratic Athens trying to expand vs. much more conservative society Sparta 431-404 – Peloponnesian 430 – Funeral Oration Held  Everyone starts with Ancient Greece o Birth place of democracy o This civilization descends from here o They invented the term we use today o There are a lot of things in this society that came from ancient Greece  Democracy is also argued to have existed in many different forms in history o Ex. Aboriginals  Where there isn’t an outstanding army, tend to have consensual mechanisms of government  What basically happens, Greece is organized locally into cities some larger and smaller,  before 500 BC you get more and more included in governments o More people were franchised o Those men (above) are regarded as great politicians in Athens  Military revolution that causes democracy o Hoplite Phalanx  The weapon that allows Athens to become powerful o Trireme  Boat created by Athens  able to get around much faster o It favors being able to get a bunch of people who have their own weapons and are willing to cooperate with others on the battle field o The little guy becomes very important in Athenian society o Athens becoming more commercially successful  Athens made their money through Trade  Commercial democracy and imperial democracy o Just like the recent democratic countries US and UK  Gradual expansion of citizenship  Not everyone likes this (aristocrats)  Democracy didn’t really have any philosophers Thucydides  What he has Pericles is quite plausible  He writes this speech decades decades later  It is a statement of the values of Athenian democracy  But mostly we learn from democracy from its enemies  It is also just after the beginning of the Peloponnesian War  The Funeral Oration was meant to occur just as Pericles led the Athenians into war  When he was writing everything was a disaster  Thucydides is aware that when Pericles before the war that he is leading them to a war that will get them destroyed knowingly  It was a disaster he did not live to see  Pericles o This speech is a snap shot of democratic Athens at its height and demonstrates its cockiness  Democratic Athens was vastly more democratic then any state that could be today  It was a direct democracy
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