Class Notes (839,242)
Canada (511,223)

Political Theory feb 12.docx

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
James Ingram

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Political Theory February 12, 13 James Madison (1715-1836)  Pg. 59  definition of what is liberalism  These are 2 guys who are trying to modernize  trying to synthesize what we call modern representative democracy  Modern democracy is a synthesis of different traditions  They are doing so for precise political reasons  Athenian institutions would not work in the modern world even if it was desired Constant  Constant: sociologically and historically, things have changed that we cannot be Athenians, and if we try to be Athenians, everything would go wrong o Why should we not do that?  Individual liberty vs. political liberty  No slave labor vs. Slave labor o Pg. 4:  He went to school in Scotland and Bavaria o What was going on in Scottish society? They were inventing the idea of Capitalism o World is basically changing and all this stuff about war vs. commerce o People in ancient society think much different then they do in modern society o We are more interested in private affairs  We are more peaceful because of this unlike in ancient times who want war and glory  He is not simply a liberal that we have seen in Locke  he has to worry about how he is going to work  Pg. 17: it is a danger “for from the fact that modern liberty differs from ancient liberty, it follows that it is…” o Ancient men were not careful of individual liberty o People so concerned with private concerns that they will not both with what is going on in the outside political life o Similar to Tocqueville o A despotism that is happy as its goal to keep all its citizens happy and content … only concern that the citizen is not challenged o Tocqueville saw this as the likeliest outcome of a utilitarian society  Last 2 pages are about his endorsement of political freedom because if not, freedom as a whole will be threatened Madison  You cannot run something that big in a Republican way  Big challenge the Americans faced was whether keeping a Federation of little Republics or to get together and defend each other  Big debate whether to have a confederation or to all unite their forces  Federalist papers: centralists o Arguing for a more centralized, stronger union o Key Concern: Can we have a more centralized state that will therefore sufficiently powerful to provide for the common defense o Can we have it without risking this independence that they just received o Arguing against the status quo of staying as little independent states  Needed to form a far bigger state o Debate to modify this thing  whether to pass it or not  Subject being continued: utility of the union on the….  The problem that Madison is discussing is the problem of Faction o Rousseau says that if you have a faction, ultimately you do not have a republic o Faction: group of people with a common o Pg. 88: By a faction, I understand…”  group looking at their ideals ahead of the community  If you have a faction you no longer have a general will because they are only looking at the interests they identify them ahead of the community as a whole  Faction means basis of civil war o Madison is promising a way of disarming or to solve this problem  Pg. 88: 2 methods of curing the mischiefs of faction…” o How do we control the causes of faction? : “2 methods...”  1. Destroying liberty  2. To give to every citizens the same passions an
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.